Posts Tagged ‘S.M. Krishna’

Remarks With Indian Foreign Minister Somanahalli Mallaiah Krishna After Their Meeting


Hillary Rodham Clinton
Secretary of State
Treaty Room
Washington, DC
June 13, 2012

SECRETARY CLINTON: Good afternoon. It has been a great pleasure to welcome Minister Krishna and his distinguished delegation to Washington. We have had an excellent meeting of the Strategic Dialogue between our two nations covering a wide range of bilateral, regional, and global issues, and I will just touch on a few highlights.

First, I want to put this third Strategic Dialogue into a broader context. India and the United States have a strong foundation of friendship and cooperation. But today we are seeing something new. The strategic fundamentals of our relationship are pushing our two countries’ interests into closer convergence.

By strategic fundamentals I mean not just our shared democratic values, but also our economic imperatives and our diplomatic and security priorities. For example, in order to grow and prosper in today’s world, both the United States and India need an open, free, fair, and transparent global economic system. We both seek security and stability in South Asia and the Asia Pacific. And we both see the importance of a coordinated international response to violent extremism and other shared global challenges.

What does this mean for our partnership? Well, today there is less need for dramatic breakthroughs that marked earlier phases in our relationship, but more need for steady, focused cooperation aimed at working through our differences and advancing the interests and values we share. This kind of daily, weekly, monthly collaboration may not always be glamorous, but it is strategically significant. And that is, after all, what this dialogue is all about.

On the economic front, we reviewed the progress that we’ve made together, and acknowledged there is still more room for growth, investment, and business ties. We need to advance negotiations on a bilateral investment treaty, further reduce barriers to trade and investment in our two countries, create more hospitable environments for companies to do business.

And I was pleased that just yesterday, Westinghouse and the Nuclear Power Corporation of India signed an agreement that will speed construction of new power plants in Gujarat and help India meet its energy needs. I look forward to additional deals involving other leading American companies, including General Electric. And we will work together to ensure these projects are implemented to produce real benefits for citizens and businesses alike.

We also covered a number of serious concerns such as counterterrorism, cyber security, and sustainable development. We discussed cooperation in Afghanistan and the importance of working together with other partners to help build a peaceful and prosperous South Asia. Both the United States and India have signed strategic partnership agreements with Afghanistan to demonstrate our enduring commitment, and today we agreed to move forward with a formal trilateral consultation among our three nations. I told Minister Krishna how much we appreciate India’s efforts in Afghanistan and the region and how much we are looking forward to the investment conference that India will host later this month in New Delhi.

We also discussed the steps that the Governments of India and Pakistan are taking to open up avenues for trade, investment, and movement of people. And I applaud the leadership that Prime Minister Singh and Prime Minister Gilani have demonstrated.

We paid particular attention to the future of the Asia-Pacific region and our strong support for India’s Look East Policy. We will work together through key multilateral institutions such as the East Asia Summit and the ASEAN Regional Forum. And the United States really welcomes India’s support for our participation as dialogue partner in the Indian Ocean Rim Association for Regional Cooperation.

And finally, we worked through some of the issues that we have fielded in common because of the concerns about Iran’s continuing search for a nuclear weapon, and India has made it clear that – Iran, like all countries, must live up to their international obligations and, as I reported to Congress this week, India has taken steps to diversify its sources of imported crude by reducing purchases of Iranian oil. We recognize the important energy needs that India has, and we’re working with India, not only to ensure stable oil markets, but to do more to open up other sources of energy for India.

Now, on all these and other key issues, we are working to convert common interests into common actions. And we have to follow through. But I was very encouraged by what we heard today. Things that don’t make the headlines but are so critical, such as yesterday’s first ever higher education dialogue, making it easier for U.S. and Indian researchers, students, faculty to take advantage of the educational resources and opportunities in both countries. And we announced the first eight grant recipients of the Obama-Singh 21st Century Knowledge Initiative.

Our Science and Technology Joint Commission are working on improving our linkages in science and engineering and data sharing. We have a new agreement signed in the health area to boost research on diabetes. And, for the first time, we agreed to share the U.S.-India Open Government Platform software that promotes transparency and accountability with a third country partner, Rwanda.

The list is very long and the Minister and I will be making a comprehensive report – he to the Prime Minister, I to the President – of everything that’s been happening in all of the various aspects of this incredibly important dialogue.

But I want to thank my partner and colleague in this work for his leadership and his attention that has translated this idea into a very important reality for both our countries.

FOREIGN MINISTER KRISHNA: Thank you, Secretary Clinton. It is always a pleasure for me to come back to Washington, DC because it is in this city that I have spent a couple of years of my very interesting interaction into American politics. And I had the pleasure of meeting some of great Americans who have led this country subsequently in subsequent years.

And it is always an added pleasure for me, personally, to meet with Secretary Clinton. I always derive so much of comfort and so much of inspiration, if I may say so, Secretary Clinton.

Three years back, we started on this journey of this strategic relationship. And this is the third year in succession that we are representing our two great countries. And let me convey that we had a very productive strategic dialogue. I want to thank all my ministerial colleagues and senior officials for their participation. Our presence here speaks to the extraordinary depth and diversity of our engagement, which is ever increasing. The relationship between our two countries and our two vibrant democracies, one the oldest and the other one the largest. Secretary Clinton and I expressed confidence about realizing the enormous potentials of our economic ties and addressing the concerns on both sides, which I had outlined at USIBC yesterday.

We welcome the tangible progress on about similar nuclear energy cooperation, as was mentioned by Secretary Clinton with the signing of the MOU between NPCIL and the Westinghouse. I think this should put at rest some of the interpretations and some of the confusion that was prevailing in the immediate aftermath after we signed the nuclear accord. But I’m glad that things are now – nuclear commerce is now beginning to expand itself and we hope more Indian and American companies will be involved in the course of the coming months.

We, Secretary and I, support the growing emphasis on defense technology transfers and core development and core production in our expanding defense relationship. I have informed Secretary Clinton of our willingness to receive a team of officials to visit India for the search and recovery of the remains of the MIAs from World War II. Stronger and more effective cooperation in counterterrorism, homeland security, cyber security, and intelligence in recent years is an important aspect of our strategic partnership. India’s interest in further access to Headley and Rana in accordance with our legal procedures for the investigations into the Mumbai terror attack of November 2008 was raised.

We recommend the broad portfolio of cooperation in clean energy. I also sought a liberal U.S. regime for gas exports to India, which would be in our mutual economic and energy security interest. We agreed to strengthen the impressive array of our programs in higher education, health, science and technology, innovation, agriculture, and women’s empowerment. We have made tangible progress in these areas.

As Secretary Clinton has pointed out, our discussions demonstrated yet again our shared interest and convergent views on a range of regional and global issues. We are committed to build Afghan capacity for governance, development, and security, and to unlock its economic potential through regional integration. We again stressed the importance of eliminations of safe havens in Pakistan for Afghanistan’s security and the region’s stability.

We discussed the Gulf region and West Asia, including our concern about the growing violence in Syria. Secretary Clinton updated me on the P-5+1 talks with Iran. I conveyed India’s vital interest in settlement of the Iranian nuclear issue through dialogue. There are six million Indians who live in this region, which is also of critical importance to our economy. We shared perspectives on the profound changes taking place in Myanmar, and also I briefed her on Prime Minister Manmohan Singh’s recent visit to Myanmar.

Friends, we continue to intensify our dialogue on Asia-Pacific and the Indian Ocean region. As also associated regional architectures, we affirmed our mutual interest in maritime security. Secretary Clinton welcomed India’s growing engagement in the Asia Pacific. I welcomed the U.S. interest in becoming a dialogue partner with IOR-ARC. I’m told that as the current chair, we will take it forward with other IOR-ARC members.

Our meeting today yet again underscored the global dimensions of our relationship and added new momentum to our partnership. Thank you.


MS. NULAND: Let’s take two questions a side today. We’ll start with CNN, Jill Dougherty.

QUESTION: Thank you. Madam Secretary, you and Minister Lavrov of Russia appear to be calling each other liars. In essence, you are saying that Russia is providing helicopters – in fact, the word was used “en route” today – en route to Syria. Minister Lavrov completely denies that; he says they’re providing air defense systems but everything that they are providing does not violate international laws. Then he threw it back at you and said that the U.S. indeed is providing arms and weapons.

So you can’t both be right. Who is?

SECRETARY CLINTON: (Laughter.) Well, I was very clear yesterday about our concerns regarding the continuing military relationship between Moscow and the Assad regime. We have repeatedly urged the Russian Government to cut these military ties completely and to suspend all further support and deliveries. Obviously, we know, because they confirm that they continue to deliver. And we believe that the situation is spiraling towards civil war, and it’s now time for everyone in the international community, including Russia and all Security Council members, to speak to Assad with a unified voice and insist that the violence stop, and come together with Kofi Annan to plan a political transition going forward.

It is something that we believe is in everyone’s interests, most particularly the Syrian people. And Russia says it wants peace and stability restored. It says it has no particular love lost for Assad. And it also claims to have vital interests in the region and relationships that it wants to continue to keep. They put all of that at risk if they do not move more constructively right now.

And I would emphasize that the United States has provided no military support to the Syrian opposition, none. All of our support has been medical and humanitarian to help relieve the suffering of the Syrian people, a total of $52 million so far. We have also provided nonlethal support to the opposition, including things like communications gear.

So rather than having a long distance debate with my colleague with whom I work on so many issues on a regular basis, I would urge that we follow the lead and request of Kofi Annan and come together to try to implement the pillars of his plan, including a framework for a political transition. And that is what we have been advocating for and that is what I stand ready to do.

MS. NULAND: Next question, Lalit Jha from PTI.

QUESTION: Thank you, Mr. Minister. After three rounds of Strategic Dialogue with the U.S., where is the relationship between the two countries headed towards? A strong relationship between India and the U.S.? What is the signal of masses you are sending the world or the region?

And Madam Secretary, three years ago, you addressed the USIBC, your first speech on India. You have said this is the beginning of India-U.S. 3.0. After your opening remarks today, is it the beginning of India-U.S. 4.0, and what it would look like? And if you – do you agree with recent remarks by Secretary Panetta in New Delhi that India needs to do more in Afghanistan? What is that India needs to do?

Mr. Minister, is – (laughter) —

PARTICIPANT: A fourth question.

QUESTION: Does – India has a redline in Afghanistan which you say to U.S., “No, we can’t do this?” And finally – (laughter) – India has made a request for giving access to Rana and Headley, the two who were involved in the Mumbai terrorist attack. Is the U.S. ready to give them access again? Thank you.

SECRETARY CLINTON: Do you want to start, Minister? I don’t know where to start. (Laughter.)

FOREIGN MINISTER KRISHNA: Well, where did you start? (Laughter.)

SECRETARY CLINTON: Yeah. I will take a stab at it because it’s one of those multipart questions that is – let me try.

First of all, as to the Strategic Dialogue, we go from strength to strength. I’m actually quoting the Minister today. Because we believe strongly, and we have evidence to prove it, that our relationship is deepening and broadening. The extraordinary work that has been done between the last Strategic Dialogue and today’s on so many issues, which we will memorialize in our report and certainly make public, demonstrates the depth of cooperation between our two countries. And it’s not only government to government; we’re bringing in civil society, we’re bringing in academia, we’re bringing in the private sector. So I, for one, believe that we may be surpassing 3.0. We may be onto something that is quite unique and very important, and I appreciate your asking.

Secondly, on Afghanistan, I was briefed on the work that India is doing with Afghanistan. We very much appreciate India’s commitment to help build a better future for the Afghan people, helping them with more than $2 billion for development, supporting the New Silk Road Initiative, hosting the investment conference at the end of the month, providing security training and support. I am very pleased that Afghanistan is getting this kind of encouragement and tangible support because it’s in everyone’s interests that Afghanistan be as secure and stable as possible.

With respect to information sharing, it is our policy and practice to share information, and we do that. But I’m not going to go into details because we think that our cooperation on intelligence sharing, on homeland security issues, on counterterrorism, has gotten to a new level. It is very important to both of our countries. But it’s also important that we support the work that is done by our professionals and our experts in protecting both of our countries, and I think we are satisfied that that is occurring.

FOREIGN MINISTER KRISHNA: Well, the Strategic Dialogue that has taken place with the United States in the last three years has been extremely beneficial to India. The tangible outcomes of the broad-based discussions we had and a vast array of issues are listed in the joint statement that has been issued. If I am to list some of the most important areas where we have moved ahead at the third Strategic Dialogue, I would unhesitatingly single out higher education, science and technology, innovation, women’s empowerment, and clean energy.

I was very impressed with the way the Dialogue on Higher Education, which represented not only government but vice chancellor was there and the academia – representatives from the academia were also there. I think this is an important moment in the most positive direction that not only the two governments are involved in the Strategic Dialogue but the civil society. As was put by Secretary Clinton, the civil society is also involved, the academia is also involved, the people are also involved.

So hence, I think this Strategic Dialogue derives its basic strength from this, and we will certainly continue to take this forward. There have been some useful outcomes, then I mentioned about the agreement between the Westinghouse and the NPCIL, and the shared interest and convergent views on a range of regional and global issues that were evident in our talks today. It added – it provided new momentum for our global strategic partnership.

But with reference to Afghanistan, well, India’s role has always been a very constructive approach. Afghanistan falls in the larger neighborhood of India. And we have civilizational, historical, and trade connections and cultural ties with that country and with the people of Afghanistan. And President Karzai, when he came last October to Delhi, we signed a strategic partnership with Afghanistan. And the whole purpose behind that is to convey to the people of Afghanistan that the Afghan problem has to be solved under Afghan leadership.

Yes, they need external support to the extent that is possible. And that external support will not be available to Afghanistan indefinitely. And that is the reason why we have impressed upon Afghanistan and other countries who are well-meaning friends of Afghanistan that we need to equip Afghanistan with a security force which is – which consists of Afghans, which is trained by Afghans – trained by others but basically Afghan-led and Afghan. And so I think we will continue to do that. And then I am sure that Afghanistan will be able to find a solution within the four corners of their constitution, and we wish them well.

MS. NULAND: Next question, CBS, Cami McCormick.

QUESTION: Thank you. Madam Secretary, if we could go back to Syria for just a second, I’m wondering how bad have relations between the U.S. and Russia gotten over this. There are some might – who might argue that it’s almost become as much about the U.S. and Russia poking each other than it is about the real issue here. And how has that taken away, in your opinion, from what the real goal is? And you always say diplomacy is key in this area.

And secondly, if Syria is spiraling towards civil war, what does that say about the UN observer mission there? Are you concerned about their safety? Would they remain in there in the same capacity if and when you are ready to say it is a full-blown civil war?

SECRETARY CLINTON: Well, look, I think that everyone knows we have a very comprehensive relationship with Russia. We have worked well together on a range of important issues in the last three and a half years. The so-called reset that President Obama and President Medvedev led at the beginning of this Administration has been quite constructive and positive for certainly the United States and Russia and the larger world.

We disagree on Syria. Now, it’s not the only issue we disagree on, but it is one where people are being killed every single day, where violence is escalating, where the government has engaged in these brutal assaults against unarmed civilians, including children. We disagree.

And we were encouraged when Russia, along with the other members of the Security Council, supported Kofi Annan’s plan. And we have been working very hard with many nations to translate that plan into tangible steps that can be taken. And it’s clear that the voices of the entire international community need to be clear in the message to Assad, that it is time for him to participate in saving his own country from a downward spiral into even greater violence. And as part of Special Envoy Kofi Annan’s plan, that includes a political transition.

So we’ve had numerous discussions, and we are remaining hopeful that Kofi will be able to bring a relevant group of nations and multinational organizations together to find a way forward. So we will state our position very clearly and support Kofi Annan.

And we do so in part because we are worried about the UN mission. We think that the events of the last week, where UN observers have been put at risk, even in positions where they were attacked either intentionally or unintentionally in the midst of the conflict, are worrisome. And I’ve talked about this last week with Kofi. He does not want to put these brave men and women who are trying to help protect civilians into situations that are absolutely untenable and dangerous to them.

So all of these concerns have to be addressed, and I think it’s time for the international community, including Russia, to come to the table and be constructive in trying to find a way forward.

MS. NULAND: Last question, Narayan Lakshman from the The Hindu.

QUESTION: Thank you. And I have only one question for each of you. (Laughter.)

My first, Mr. Minister, my question is on the economic linkages between India and the U.S., a key pillar of the Strategic Dialogue, where there appears to be pressure on India to open up access to some of its markets more rapidly and also some disappointments with India’s decisions in the nuclear sector, at least until recently, and defense sectors. How would you explain India’s views on these matters? And on the flipside, did you query the U.S. side on concerns that India may have regarding U.S. policies that affect its economic interests?

And Madam Secretary, to you —

SECRETARY CLINTON: One each. (Laughter.)

QUESTION: Yeah, just one each. (Laughter.)

When you and Minister Krishna stood at the same podiums in 2010, you described the relationship as an affair of the heart. And since then, however, there have been various ups and downs. And for example, again until recently, slow progress on civ-nuke and India’s concerns maybe about protectionism and the Iran question. So given the strong stand that both these countries have on issues of mutual interest. Do you see any changes that you might propose to the model, so to speak, that the U.S. has for this relationship?

SECRETARY CLINTON: Well, with respect to affairs of the heart, they usually have ups and downs. (Laughter.) But that does not make them any less heartfelt – (laughter) – or any less of a commitment. And so I feel as strongly today as I did two years ago. And I think that it’s always a temptation to zero in on what the differences are. That is understandable and it certainly is to be expected by the press. That’s part of your job. But whether it’s one country or another or, in particular, India, I always look at the totality of the relationship. And I would be never in a position to say we don’t have differences. How could two great nations with our histories and our political systems – these raucous, incredibly pluralistic democracies – not have differences? That would be quite odd if that were the case.

But there is no doubt that our values and our interests are converging, that we have a view of this relationship that is in keeping with the perspectives and histories that bring us together in the 21st century where we are finding so much more common ground that we are working on together.

So I’m very positive about our relationship, and we will continue to work through the differences as they arise.

FOREIGN MINISTER KRISHNA: Well, I am conscious of the fact that there is a degree of skepticism regarding the prevailing sentiment of business and economic content for our relationship. I have listed some of our pressing concerns in my speech yesterday. I have also been sensitized to the concerns articulated by U.S. business. In times of vulnerability and uncertainty for the global economy, expression of such views are not unusual. However, as I said yesterday, that the Indian economy will restore investors’ confidence and regain the growth momentum.

I have great confidence in the future of our economic partnership. Our ties of trade, investment, and innovation are growing in both directions. Our defense and high-technology trade is ever expanding. Indian plans to invest more than a trillion dollars on infrastructure development in the coming five years will provide enormous business opportunities which the U.S. companies can consider exploiting. Openness and growth in the U.S. economy will also support stronger economic ties. And we have assured everyone who would be interested in making investments in India that there is going to be a level playing field and there will be total transparency.

And with these two parameters being ensured, I am sure that a number of companies from outside India would be willing to participate in this great developmental journey that India is setting on. And I am sure that the United States and India strategic relationship is going to be helpful in this journey.

QUESTION: Madam Secretary —

SECRETARY CLINTON: Thank you all. Thank you.

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Remarks at the U.S.-India Strategic Dialogue


Hillary Rodham Clinton
Secretary of State
Indian Foreign Minister S.M. Krishna
Benjamin Franklin Room
Washington, DC
June 13, 2012

SECRETARY CLINTON:Good morning, and welcome to the Third Annual U.S.-India Strategic Dialogue. Minister Krishna, a warm welcome to you and your distinguished delegation. It is a pleasure to repay the hospitality you have shown me so often, most recently this past month in Delhi, and to have this opportunity to bring together so many experts and officials from our two countries.The strategic fundamentals of our relationship – shared democratic values, economic imperatives and diplomatic priorities – are moving us closer to an understanding and a trust that reflects the convergence of values and interests. To grow and prosper, we both need open, free, fair, and transparent global economic systems. We both seek security and stability in South Asia and the Asia Pacific. And we understand the critical importance of a coordinated international response to violent extremism and other shared global challenges.

As a result, under President Obama’s and Prime Minister Singh’s leadership, we are forging a new and more mature phase in our critical bilateral relationship, one defined by near-constant consultation aimed at advancing the interests and values we share, and working through the inevitable differences. There is less need today for the dramatic breakthroughs that marked earlier phases, but more need for steady, focused cooperation. This kind of weekly, sometimes daily, collaboration is not always glamorous, but it is strategically significant. And it is exemplified by this dialogue.

Reflected around this table are a wide range of participants representing the many topics we are working on together. And we are committed to not only expanding our bilateral relationship, but to furthering the work we do regionally and globally. In fact, later this week we will co-host an important Global Health Conference on child mortality.

The quantity of meetings ultimately matters less than the quality of the results produced. And the effectiveness of our partnership hinges on our ability together to convert common interests into common actions. It’s not enough just to talk about cooperation on issues ranging from civilian nuclear energy or attracting more U.S. investments to India or defending human rights or promoting women’s empowerment; we have to follow through so that our people – citizens of two great pluralistic democracies – can see and feel the benefits.

I think we are making progress. Let me quickly highlight five areas.

First, trade and investment. We’ve come a long way together: Bilateral trade and investment may exceed $100 billion this year, up tenfold since 1995 and up more than 40 percent since 2009 when we launched the Strategic Dialogue. There’s a lot of room, however, for further growth, and we need to keep up the momentum. We look forward to working to advance negotiations on the Bilateral Investment Treaty, to further reduce barriers to trade and investment in areas like multi-brand retail, and to create hospitable environments for each of our companies to do business in the other’s country.

Second, on science and technology. We have significant accomplishments: a new Partnership to Advance Clean Energy; more than $1 billion mobilized for clean energy projects; progress on the Joint Clean Energy Research and Development Center; and yesterday, Westinghouse and India’s Nuclear Power Corporation signed an agreement committing both sides to work toward the preliminary licensing and site development work needed to begin construction of new reactors in Gujarat. There is still a lot of work to be done, including understanding the implications of nuclear liability legislation, but this is a significant step toward the fulfillment of our landmark civil nuclear cooperation agreement.

Third, on education and people-to-people ties. Yesterday in our Higher Education Dialogue, we discussed in depth how to increase educational exchanges and strengthen the ties between our universities. Indians and Americans are among the most innovative people on this planet, and we have so much to learn from each another. But making the most of this potential will require investments from both sides and a strong focus on areas such as job training and digital learning, where we can make a big impact.

Fourth, on security and defense cooperation. Over recent years we’ve expanded coordination and information sharing in the fight against violent extremism. Our militaries are participating in joint exercises and are increasingly cooperating to combat piracy, patrol vital sea lanes, and protect freedom of navigation. Bilateral defense trade has surpassed $8 billion over the last five years. We are convinced this partnership can grow in the future to include joint research, development, and co-production of defense systems. And in our discussions today, I hope we can focus in particular on the need to deepen cooperation on cyber security, which is a growing concern for both of us.

And let me add, on the critical security challenge of Iran’s nuclear program, we can see habits of cooperation paying off. The United States appreciates that India has made it clear it understands the importance of denying Iran a nuclear weapon and supports the efforts to ensure Iran’s compliance with international obligations. And India has taken steps to diversify its sources of imported crude by reducing purchases of Iranian oil – a fact that I officially reported to our Congress. The United States recognizes India’s growing energy needs, and we’re working together to ensure not only stable oil markets but additional areas of cooperation to help India attain greater energy security.

And finally, we are cooperating in South and East Asia. The United States welcomes India’s contributions toward building a stable, secure, and prosperous Afghanistan, including its more than $2 billion in assistance. We hope the conference later this month in New Delhi will galvanize more international investment. And together we must continue laying the groundwork for the long-term vision of a New Silk Road that connects markets, businesses, and consumers from the Caspian to the Ganges and beyond. Both the United States and India have signed strategic partnership agreements with Afghanistan to demonstrate our enduring commitment, and I hope we can move toward a formal trilateral consultation among our three nations.

The United States continues to support India’s Look East policy. Both our countries have significant stakes in the future of the dynamic Asia Pacific region, and we need to expand our work both bilaterally and through multilateral institutions such as the East Asia Summit and the ASEAN Regional Forum to work to build a regional architecture that will boost economic growth, settle disputes peacefully, and uphold universal rights and norms.

And I think that these are just five of the significant areas in which the strategic fundamentals of our relationship are progressing. I’m very excited and appreciative for all the work that has been done by members of both of our governments, only some of whom are represented here today, to move our Strategic Dialogue further and to broaden and deepen our cooperation.

Let me again thank Minister Krishna for his leadership, and let me now turn and invite him to speak.

FOREIGN MINISTER KRISHNA: Thank you, Madam Secretary Hillary Clinton, distinguished members of the United States delegation, it’s a great pleasure for me to join you in chairing the Third India-U.S. Strategic Dialogue. I would like to thank you profusely for hosting the dialogue, and for the warmth and hospitality. And we also sincerely appreciate the efforts that your team and our embassy here have put in to making this literally an India-United States fortnight in Washington. With all the other bilateral meetings scheduled in the past two weeks, it speaks to the depth of our relationship and the diversity of our engagement.

Madam Secretary, I am particularly honored to be joined by my distinguished ministerial colleagues: Mr. Ghulam Nabi Azad, Minister for Health and Family Welfare; Mr. Montek Ahluwalia, Deputy Chairman, Planning Commission; Mrs. Krishna Tirath, Minister of State for Women and Child Development; Mr. Ashwani Kumar, Minister of State for Planning, Science and Technology and Earth Sciences; and Mr. Sam Pitroda, Public Information, Infrastructure and Innovation Advisor to Prime Minister. I am also pleased to be joined by several of our most senior officials in the Government of India.

Even by the high standards of India-U.S. relationship, we have had an unprecedented intensity of engagement over the past years. Yet the Strategic Dialogue is a unique opportunity to bring together all the threads of our cooperation that constitute the extraordinarily rich tapestry of our relationship. Madam Secretary, our two sides have a shared vision that our global strategic partnership could be one of the most important defining relationships of the 21st Century.

In July 2009 in Delhi, we started a new chapter in an already exciting study of India-U.S. ties. Our bilateral engagement as well as global developments over the past three years has only strengthened our mutual commitment to this partnership. In every field – political, strategic, security, defense, intelligence, nuclear cooperation, space, trade and investment, energy, science and technology, higher education and empowerment – we are making tangible and continuous progress. What was once novel and unprecedented in our relationship is now almost routine and normal. In the process of our engagement, we have built something more precious: friendship, goodwill, trust, mutual confidence, candor, and belief in the importance of a successful partnership.

Sometimes there are questions and doubts about the relationship. They are inevitable in something so unique and new. But I believe that having settled the question of whether India and the U.S. can or should work towards a close relationship, the question we ask now are how to harness the full potential of that relationship. If we go by the investments that the two governments are making and the energy and enterprise of our people, we are, Madam Secretary, on the right track. But as I say, we have reasons to be satisfied but not complacent. So we hope, in the course of today, we will chart the course ahead both for the immediate future and the long term. (Inaudible) I think the dialogue process will start.

Thank you.

SECRETARY CLINTON: Thank you very much, Minister.

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Remarks With Indian External Affairs Minister Somanahalli Mallaiah Krishna


Hillary Rodham Clinton
Secretary of State
Taj Palace Hotel
New Delhi, India
May 8, 2012

MODERATOR: Good morning, ladies and gentlemen of the media. I welcome you to this media interaction. As is usual, we will begin with brief introductory remarks. I now invite the External Affairs Minister of India S.M. Krishna to make his opening introductory remarks.

MINISTER KRISHNA: Madam Secretary, it is a great pleasure to welcome you back to Delhi. I am glad that you decided to visit India on your way back to Washington, D.C. This is a sign of our close friendship. It also underscores the importance of regular consultations between our two governments at a time of enormous challenges and far-reaching changes taking place in the world.

Secretary Clinton and I reviewed the entire gamut of our bilateral relations. We expressed satisfaction with the progress in our relationship and are optimistic about the future. At the emerging global trends, only the influence of our shared conviction and the importance of this relationship for the future of our two countries and the shape of the world in this century.

We have an extraordinary frequency and depth in our dialogue and engagement. We continue to make tangible progress across virtually every area of bilateral cooperation. We expressed hope that our economic relationship, which is very important to both countries, would grow much faster and realize its enormous potential.

There are issues on both sides. I did convey our concerns about the continuing difficulties on mobility of professionals, especially for our IT companies, and protectionist sentiments in the U.S. with regard to global supply chain in services industry. I want to thank Secretary Clinton for her personal attention to the welfare of Indians and Indian students in the United States.

Secretary Clinton and I also had a good discussion on the path to fostering commercial cooperation and civil nuclear energy. I assured her of India’s commitment to provide a level playing field to all U.S. companies within the framework of national law and our international legal obligations.

We were pleased that U.S. companies are engaged in substantial discussions with the Indian operators, Nuclear Power Corporation of India, Limited. We hope that they will make early progress towards contractual steps.

Our strategic consultations have a global character with convergence of views on a range of global and regional issues. We discussed our vision for Afghanistan. We stressed the need for sustained international commitment to build Afghan capacity for governance, security, and economic development, and to support Afghanistan with assistance, investment, and regional linkages.

The recent attacks in Kabul highlight once again the need for elimination of terrorist sanctuaries in the neighborhood and the need for stronger action from Pakistan on terrorism, including on bringing justice to the perpetrators of Mumbai terrorist attack. We also discussed our respective relations with Pakistan.

I conveyed of our vital stakes in peace and stability in the Persian Gulf and vital West Asian region, given the 6 million Indians who live there and the region’s importance to our economy.

We also discussed the importance of peaceful settlement of the Iranian nuclear issue through dialogue and negotiations based on the position that Iran has rights as a member of NPT, but it must also abide by its obligations as a non-nuclear weapons state under the NPT.

Secretary Clinton and I had a fruitful discussion on the Asia Pacific and Indian Ocean region, including relations with China and developments in countries in India’s immediate neighborhood. We exchanged views on our recent interaction with our Bangladeshi counterpart also.

Finally, we look forward to a productive Strategic Dialogue in June in Washington, D.C., not only to showcase the extraordinary progress in our engagement, but also outline how we intend to take our strategic partnership to a new level.

Thank you.

SECRETARY CLINTON: Thank you very much, Minister Krishna, and thank you for your warm welcome. And let me congratulate you on the completion of 50 years in active public service. And I’m delighted that we are continuing to work together on such a broad range of important issues affecting our two countries.

I was also delighted to see the prime minister yesterday. It’s always a pleasure to be back in Delhi and to reaffirm what President Obama has called one of the defining partnerships of the 21st century.

The United States and India are two great democracies with common values and increasingly convergent interests. In our meetings today, we have worked to focus our agenda and prepare for the Strategic Dialogues in June.

Let me touch on four key lines of actions we discussed. First, we have to continue expanding trade and investment between our countries. We’ve come a long way. When I first visited India in 1995, trade stood at $9 billion, and this year we expect to surpass $100 billion. But I truly believe there is much more potential to unleash. We should be working toward having one of the world’s largest trading relationships, and we need to continue to reduce barriers and open our markets to greater trade and investment.

As part of this, we discussed our landmark civil nuclear agreement, and Minister Krishna reiterated India’s commitment to ensure a level playing field for U.S. companies. We welcomed the fact that the Nuclear Power Corporation of India and leading U.S. companies are engaged in direct conversations on how to move forward together.

Second, we need to deepen our security cooperation. Our militaries are conducting training exercises unprecedented in scale and scope. We’ve expanded our work on behalf of our joint fight against terrorism and violent extremism, and our navies are cooperating to combat piracy, patrol the sea lanes, and protect the freedom of navigation.

Third, we have to work to meet the challenges and seize the opportunities in South and Central Asia. I updated the minister on the new Strategic Partnership Agreement that President Obama signed with President Karzai, and I expressed our strong appreciation for India’s support for the Afghan people’s efforts to build a more peaceful and prosperous future and its intention to host a conference in late June to encourage greater private sector investment in Afghanistan.

We also look to India as a partner in the broad international effort to prevent Iran from acquiring nuclear weapons. The best way to achieve this diplomatic solution that we all seek is for the international community to stay united and to keep the pressure that has brought Iran back to the negotiating table on Iran until we reach a peaceful diplomatic resolution. I welcomed the progress India is making to reduce its purchases of oil from Iran and hope to see continuing progress, because we believe that if the international community eases the pressure or wavers in our resolve, Iran will have less incentive to negotiate in good faith or to take the necessary actions to address the international community’s concerns about its nuclear program.

Finally, we need to work together to promote a shared vision for the Asia Pacific, especially as we head toward the East Asia Summit in Cambodia this November. I have reaffirmed to the minister and continue to speak out in favor of India’s look-east policy and its growing role across the region, particularly in support of democracy and economic reform in Burma. As an experienced democracy, India can provide key support, and greater trade and transit between India, Bangladesh, Burma, the countries of Southeast Asia would fuel even more political and economic progress and growth.

So our strategic interests are indeed converging, and so must our efforts. I’m looking forward to welcoming the minister when he comes to Washington in June for the next round of our Strategic Dialogues. So again, let me thank you, Minister, for your partnership, and let me again thank the government and people of India for the warm welcome and hospitality. Thank you.

MODERATOR: The two ministers will take a few questions. Let’s begin with Mr. Richard Wolf, USA Today.

QUESTION: Thank you, Secretary Clinton. I’d like to ask you in particular about the latest underwear bomb plot in Yemen and how that relates to other terrorist issues in Pakistan involving Ayman al-Zawahiri, involving Hafiz Saeed, and your thoughts also on the rise of the Haqqani Network in Afghanistan, whether you feel that the efforts against terrorism are indeed still working, or is there something else needed.

SECRETARY CLINTON: Well, Richard, that’s obviously an incredibly important question that is on the minds of not only our government but, of course, the Indian Government, because we both know the tragedies and losses that come with terrorism on our soil. So we have increased our cooperation between India and the United States, and we’re going to continue to do everything we can not only to prevent terrorists from carrying out their evil acts of violence, but also to try to convince people not to be recruited into terrorism, which is very much of a dead end, literally and figuratively, when it comes to pursuing any kind of political or ideological aims. In democracies like ours, people should be in the marketplace of ideas. If they have views, they should put them to the test of the debate, the dialogue, and the political process.

So with respect to the plot that was discussed in Washington, as the White House said, the device did not appear to pose a threat to the public air service, but the plot itself indicates that these terrorists keep trying. They keep trying to devise more and more perverse and terrible ways to kill innocent people. And it’s a reminder as to why we have to remain vigilant at home and abroad in protecting our nation and in protecting friendly nations and peoples like India and others.

With respect to the question on the terrorist groups that still operate out of Pakistan, we are committed to going after those who pose direct threats to the United States, to Afghanistan, and to our allies in Afghanistan. We are also cooperating closely with India regarding the threats that emanate against them. The 166 people killed in Mumbai during that horrific terrorist attack in 2008 included six Americans. So as part of our Rewards for Justice Program, we have offered a $10 million reward that could lead to the arrest or conviction of Hafiz Saeed for his role in those attacks. Our Rewards for Justice offer demonstrates our seriousness in obtaining additional information that can withstand judicial scrutiny and that leads to arrest or conviction and brings the perpetrators and the planners of the Mumbai attacks to justice.

Because this effort that we are pursuing, it’s not just about the United States. Combating violent extremism is something we all agree on, and we need to do more. And we look to the Government of Pakistan to do more. It needs to make sure that its territory is not used as launching pads for terrorist attacks anywhere, including inside of Pakistan. Because the great unfortunate fact is that terrorists in Pakistan have killed more than 30,000 Pakistanis. So it’s very much about the people of Pakistan and their right to go to a market or go to a mosque, to live their lives. And we need stronger, more concerted efforts on behalf of governments and societies against the scourge of terrorism. Terrorism is a tactic. It is a losing tactic. But we have to prevent as much death and destruction as possible as we uproot and destroy these groups and convince those whom they recruit that that is no longer a decision that should be made.

MODERATOR: (Inaudible) from (inaudible).

QUESTION: Secretary Clinton, it’s interesting that you talk about the 10 million bounty of Hafiz Saeed. My question to you is that: In order to sound politically correct in Pakistan, is the U.S. indulging in double-speak on the issue of Hafiz Saeed? And I would like to draw your attention to what Ambassador Munter said in Islamabad, that there is no exclusive bounty on Hafiz Saeed.

And my question to Foreign Minister Krishna is: Did you raise this issue, because this is contrary to the things that were told to us, to our government, by the ambassador, the U.S. ambassador in India.

SECRETARY CLINTON: Well, I’m sorry; I don’t really follow your question. We have a Rewards for Justice Program that we have used quite successfully for a number of years. It has led to evidence and information and tips that we have used to bring terrorists to justice. We’ve used it in Pakistan. We’ve used it around the world. So this is not unique. This is not a special case. We wanted to raise the visibility and make it very clear that the United States had reason to believe that Hafiz Saeed had been one of the principal architects of the attack against Mumbai, and therefore we wanted to send an unmistakable message of solidarity with India, but not only with India – solidarity with people everywhere who will not tolerate the continuation of terrorism and want to see terrorists brought to justice wherever they may be.

MINISTER KRISHNA: Well, I think Secretary Clinton has come out, I think, very eloquently as to how United States has made up its mind to fighting terrorism across the world. And even in our discussions this morning over breakfast, we did talk about terrorism and then all that terrorism brings into this region and to the other regions of the world as well. Hence India and the United States have strong cooperation on combating terrorism. In addition to the growing intelligence exchanges and cooperation, we also have a Joint Working Group on Counterterrorism, Counterterrorism Cooperation Initiative, and a Homeland Security Dialogue. So we always keep in close contact and thereby we are trying to checkmate terror from wherever it emanates.

MODERATOR: Shaun Tandon, AFP.

QUESTION: Thank you, Madam Secretary and Mr. Foreign Minister. I wanted to follow up a little bit on the comments on Iran and its nuclear program and about oil. Madam Secretary, in your conversations here in India, are you confident that India is doing more? You commended Indian efforts. Do you think India has done enough to become exempt from the sanctions that will come to place on June 28th?

And Mr. Foreign Minister, if I can follow up, do you agree with the strategic view of the United States when it comes to Iran, the idea that Iran is a global threat? And do you agree with the use of a domestic U.S. law to try to influence Indian policy on this?

SECRETARY CLINTON: The minister go first?

MINISTER KRISHNA: Well, thank you very much. That is – I think in the contemporary context that is a very important question. Iran is a key country for our energy needs, but we have to look at the Iran issue beyond the issue of energy trade. In the first place, we have to think about the security and stability in the Gulf region. India has vital stakes in the Gulf region. Six million Indians live and work in the Gulf region and beyond. It is one of the critical destinations of our external trade, over $100 billion U.S. in exports and over 60 percent of our imports and a major source of remittances.

There are ties of religion, culture, and civilization that bind us to the region. There is turbulence in wider West Asian and North African region with uncertain outcomes. And we have a strong interest in peaceful and negotiated settlement of issues relating to Iran’s nuclear program. Our position on the nuclear issue has been clear and it has always been consistent. With respect to our energy, we are dependent on imports to meet bulk of our requirements. India’s imports are growing on an average by about 10 million tons annually. Given our growing demand, it is natural for us to try and diversify our sources of imports of oil and gas to meet the objective of energy security.

Since you asked a specific question about Iran, it remains an important source of oil for us, although its share in our imports are declining, which is well known. Ultimately, it reflects the decision that refineries make based on commercial, financial, and technical considerations. We have discussed our position and our perspectives on energy security, and these discussions will continue. As far as India is concerned, we subscribe to and rigorously implement the UN Security Council resolutions. This issue, however, is not a source of discord between our two countries.

SECRETARY CLINTON: Well, Shaun, as the minister said, the United States and India share the same goal: We both want to prevent Iran from getting a nuclear weapon. And India has been a strong partner in urging Iran to live up to its international obligations and to use the P-5+1 talks that began again in Istanbul and will meet again this month in Baghdad to demonstrate unequivocally the peaceful intent of its nuclear program.

As I said in Kolkata yesterday, we don’t believe Iran would be back at the negotiating table unless there had been the unrelenting pressure of international sanctions. And this pressure must stay on if we want to see progress toward a peaceful resolution. So we commend India for the steps its refineries are taking to reduce imports from Iran, and we have also been consulting with India and working with them in some areas on alternative sources of supply.

So we had a very good discussion of these issues during my visit. Our energy coordinator, Ambassador Carlos Pascual, will be here with an expert team next week to continue these consultations. But there is no doubt that India and the United States are after the same goal.

MODERATOR: Last question, (inaudible), Star News.

QUESTION: Morning, excellencies. My question is for both Secretary of State Ms. Clinton and for External Affairs Minister S.M. Krishna.

Ma’am, to you first. You – both of you discussed Afghanistan issue also. If you could tell, ma’am, in your assessment, how do you see the current situation of Afghanistan? And after the Western forces start pulling out from Afghanistan, what role do you see India playing in Afghanistan?

And to you, sir, if you could also respond to the same question, as in what role do you see India playing in Afghanistan after Western forces start pulling out from Afghanistan?

Thank you.

SECRETARY CLINTON: Well, first let me say that our consultations with India on Afghanistan are very substantive and helpful. As you, I’m sure, recall, India entered into a Strategic Partnership with Afghanistan last year. We have just signed our Strategic Partnership Agreement when President Obama went to Kabul to do so with President Karzai.

We have made clear that we intend to remain an active presence in Afghanistan. We will support Afghanistan’s security and stability. We will contribute to building their capacity in their government and enhancing their economic growth and development. So I think that the phrasing you used is technically perhaps correct that after 2014 the NATO-ISAF mission of combat will end, but the United States and NATO will maintain a commitment of security and development support that will continue.

So I think the details of that are being worked out on our side, speaking just for the United States, with the Strategic Agreement, and now we will negotiate a security agreement. There are a couple of milestones up ahead at the NATO meeting in Chicago in about two weeks. There will be a reaffirmation of our commitment to Afghanistan, both to the transition to Afghan-led security and then after 2014. The Indian Government will host a private sector conference to encourage more private sector investment in Afghanistan in June. Japan will host a donor conference to encourage more philanthropic contributions and government contributions in July. So the international community is very engaged. I think we all understand that it’s imperative we continue to work together to provide as much support for a stable, secure Afghanistan moving forward.

MINISTER KRISHNA: Well, Afghanistan has made significant progress in the last decade. The United States has made enormous contribution. Afghanistan is at a crucial juncture as it begins to assume greater responsibility for governance, development, and security. But the most important signal that the international community has to give is a strong, sustained commitment to Afghanistan. With that, I am confident that Afghanistan will become a sovereign, independent, united, and economically viable state, capable of defeating terrorism and resisting interference from outside.

We see the U.S.-Afghanistan Strategic Partnership Agreement in that spirit. We will continue to support Afghanistan on the basis of our own Strategic Partnership Declaration of October 2011. Elimination of safe havens in Pakistan is indeed vital for success in Afghanistan and regional security and stability. We remain supportive of any reconciliation effort that is fundamentally acceptable to us as well as – as long as it is led and owned by Afghan people, that upholds the redlines and embraces all sections of Afghan society, and that does not fritter away the gains of the past decade. The international community, along with India, wishes Afghanistan all wealth.

SECRETARY CLINTON: Thank you. Thank you very much.

MODERATOR: Thank you very much. With that, we come to the end of this media interaction. Thank you.

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Public Schedule for May 8, 2012

Public Schedule

Washington, DC
May 8, 2012



Secretary Clinton is on foreign travel in New Delhi, India. Secretary Clinton is accompanied by Assistant Secretary Blake, Spokesperson Nuland, Director Sullivan, and VADM Harry B. Harris, Jr., JCS. Please click here for more information.

9:30 a.m. LOCAL Secretary Clinton meets with U.S. and Indian innovators, in New Delhi, India.

9:40 a.m. LOCAL Secretary Clinton attends an Innovation Partnerships event, in New Delhi, India.

10:05 a.m. LOCAL Secretary Clinton meets with Indian External Affairs Minister Krishna, in New Delhi, India.

11:05 a.m. LOCAL Secretary Clinton holds a joint press availability with Indian External Affairs Minister Somanahalli Mallaiah Krishna, in New Delhi, India.

12:15 p.m. LOCAL Secretary Clinton meets with Indian Opposition Leader Sushma Swaraj, in New Delhi, India.

1:00 p.m. LOCAL Secretary Clinton meets with the staff and families of Embassy New Delhi, in New Delhi, India.

We know what the last item implies: She is finally on her way home. Travel safely, fair lady!

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In the course of this busy day in New Delhi, Secretary Clinton met with Finance Minister Mukherjee, Prime Minister Singh, opposition party leader Sushma Swaraj, at her home, and Congress party President, Sonia Gandhi at hers. She also gave a joint news conference with Foreign Minister Krishna which is available here in a previous post. Enjoy!

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Remarks With Indian Minister of External Affairs S.M. Krishna


Hillary Rodham Clinton
Secretary of State
Hyderabad House
New Delhi, India
July 20, 2009

Date: 2009-07-20 00:00:00.0 Description: Secretary Clinton and Minister of External Affairs S.M. Krishna speak to reporters following the signing of a bilateral science and technology endowment agreement.  © State Dept ImageMODERATOR: Good evening, and welcome to the joint press interaction. The external affairs minister will be making an opening statement. Next, the U.S. Secretary of State will be making a statement. Sir, the floor is yours.
FOREIGN MINISTER KRISHNA: Ladies and gentlemen of the press, it’s my pleasure to welcome Her Excellency, Secretary of State of the United States of America, Madame Hillary Clinton, and distinguished members of her delegation.
Secretary Clinton is no stranger to India. Her deep and abiding interest and commitment to India has helped shape the U.S. policy of close engagement with India. Secretary Clinton not only had a key role in the founding of the India Caucus in the United States Congress, the largest congressional grouping focused on strengthening relations with any foreign country, but she has been a staunch and sincere advocate of the strengthening of United States-India relations.
She was one of the key supporters of the historic agreement between our two countries on civil nuclear cooperation, which were realized through a bipartisan effort in the United States Congress, and the desire to add qualitative substance to the United States-India relationship. Our talks covered a comprehensive agenda encompassing the full range of global and bilateral issues of mutual concern and interest. India and the United States of America regard each other as global partners. Our two democracies can play a leading and constructive role on the global level in addressing the urgent global challenges of our times.
The agenda of our dialogue today reflects this global dimension for partnership. With that mission to guide our path, we have created new forums for meaningful dialogue on climate change, disarmament, and nonproliferation. We also recognize the importance of ensuring that the steps planned to revive the global economy should safeguard the priorities of sustainable development and the goal of poverty alleviation in the developing world. Ours is a shared commitment to a rule-based, multilateral trading system, and we will continue to speak out against protectionism.
Cooperation, trade, and investment between India and the United States can play a constructive role in the revival of the world economy. We have held useful discussions on those situations in our region. In our discussion today, Secretary Clinton and I also reaffirmed the (inaudible) commitment of both our countries to resist the threats to our two democracies from the scourge of terrorism.
In our bilateral partnership, Secretary Clinton and I have focused on the new agenda for India- U.S. 3.0 in which we’ll build on the excellent economic and political partnerships that already exist, redefine some of our dialogue to make them more result-oriented, and cleared new dialogues for achieving shared objectives in the areas of mutual interest.
Our governments have concluded three important documents, one on the creation of a science and technology (inaudible); two, a technical safeguards agreement which will permit the launch of civil or noncommercial satellites containing U.S. components on Indian space launch vehicles; and three, we have agreed on the end-use monitoring arrangements that will ensure their effort too in letters of acceptance for Indian procurement of U.S. defense technology can take effect.
The new dialogue that Secretary Clinton and I announced today on health, education, science and technology, and women’s empowerment will impact positively on areas of vital interest and concern to the daily lives of our two peoples. We have issued a joint statement on these initiatives. A fact sheet on the new bilateral dialogue architectures has also been put out. We will now have frequent high-level contacts to lead towards these dialogues.
Before I invite Secretary Clinton to say a few words, I would like to say what a pleasure it has been to receive her here. I’m more than confident that with her commitment and leadership of the dialogue process from the U.S. side, and our equal enthusiasm and commitment, the initiative that our governments will work on will benefit both our peoples.
Now, Secretary Clinton.
SECRETARY CLINTON: Thank you so much, Minister Krishna, for the warm welcome that your country has shown me and for the very productive conversations that we’ve had today. As I told the minister and Prime Minister Singh earlier, I have come to India deeply committed to building a stronger partnership between India and the United States, a partnership based on common interests and shared values and mutual respect. President Obama and I share this commitment and he sends his greetings. We believe that cooperation between our two countries will be a driver of progress in the 21st century.
Since I arrived here, people have asked me, “Can you pledge to maintain the positive U.S.-India relations that President Clinton and President Bush worked to build?” And I tell them that I can pledge more than that. We will work not just to maintain our good relationship, but to broaden and deepen it. And to that end, our governments have agreed to a strategic dialogue built on the five pillars in our joint statement. Minister Krishna and I will co-chair this dialogue, and we have asked senior officials across both of our governments to take the lead on each of the subjects.
A significant part of the President’s cabinet will participate – the Secretaries of Agriculture and Trade and Energy and Education and Finance and Health and Human Services and Homeland Security and more. We do not, however, intend for this to be a dialogue between ministers, or even between governments, but between our nation and our people, our scientists and business leaders, our civil society activists and academics, charitable foundations, farmers, educators, doctors, entrepreneurs, and the whole range of each of our countries. Nor do we see this dialogue simply as a forum for discussing important issues. We believe it must be a forum for action.
The Indian people and the American people share many traits, and one of them is that we like to roll up our sleeves and get things done. We look to this dialogue to deliver results that will benefit the people we represent as well as regional and global progress. We have shown progress already by finalizing important agreements today, including an end-use monitoring agreement that will pave the way for greater defense cooperation between our countries, and a technology safeguards agreement that will set up commercial partnerships in space, as well as a science and technology agreement.
I’m also pleased that Prime Minister Singh told me that sites for two nuclear parks for U.S. companies have been approved by the government. These parks will advance the aims of the U.S.-India Civil Nuclear Agreement, facilitate billions of dollars in U.S. reactor exports, and create jobs in both countries, as well as generate much-needed energy for the Indian people. We hope that India will be able to approve the liability legislation that will enable our U.S. companies to seize these important opportunities.
These meetings today were a very productive precursor to the new strategic dialogue. We discussed every important matter, particularly our shared efforts to fight terrorism and violent extremism. We talked about pragmatic approaches to climate change and clean energy and how we can build on areas of common ground while narrowing areas of disagreement moving toward Copenhagen.
We will do our part to confront the threats that we face, and we will hope to deepen the commitment that both of us already have to meeting these threats. We discussed our common vision of a world without nuclear weapons and the practical steps that our countries can take to strengthen the goal of nonproliferation. And I affirm the Obama Administration’s strong commitment to completing all of the remaining elements of our civil nuclear deal.
We also know that both of our countries play a critical role in the G-20 discussions about how to spur global economic growth and recovery, expand trade and commerce, reduce protectionism, and create fairer global trading rules. Now, each of our countries, as you would expect, have different perspectives about the problems we face and how we will solve them. But as the oldest democracy and the largest democracy in the world, we believe we can work through these differences in our perspectives and focus on shared objectives and concrete results.
I hope that an expanded partnership between the U.S. and India will be one of the signature accomplishments of both of our governments, and I plan to make this a personal priority, Minister Krishna.
As a sign of the importance of this relationship to the United States, I was pleased to extend an invitation earlier today to Prime Minister Singh from President Obama, inviting Prime Minister Singh to Washington on November 24th for the first state visit of our new Administration. At a time when the headlines are filled with challenges, the relationship between the United States and India is a good news story and I believe, Minister, that it’s going to get even better.
Thank you very much. (Applause.)
MODERATOR: Thank you, Madame Secretary. The ministers will be happy to take two questions from each side. When your name is announced, please introduce yourself and your organization. I would also request that you should – you may please restrict – limit yourself to one question, either to the external affairs minister or to the Secretary of State.
First question, (Inaudible).
QUESTION: (Inaudible), I’m from ADP. Actually, I’m going to try and sneak in a question to each of you.
Minister Krishna, I wanted to ask you, you know, there have been some dramatic developments in the 26/11 case today with Ajmal Kasab confessing in court, and it seems to be like the pieces of a jigsaw falling into place with a number of developments over the last few days. The Pakistani (inaudible), we understand, the Indian side has been very pleased with that charge sheet in the case. Do you think that finally some substantial steps are being taken by Pakistan with regard to this case?
And Madame Secretary, I wanted to ask you whether it is your Administration’s policy to prevent the transfer of enrichment and reprocessing technology of the Nuclear Suppliers Group? And if so, don’t you think that that would undermine the spirit of the nuclear deal?
FOREIGN MINISTER KRISHNA: Thank you very much. We would like to have (inaudible) relationship with Pakistan. We would like to be good neighbors. And India is willing to do everything possible to make that happen.
But unfortunately, the attacks unleashed on Mumbai caused a great setback to the composite dialogue which was going on between India and Pakistan. Well, since then, at the highest level, there have been political exchanges. The prime minister of our country has spoken to the president of Pakistan. And very recently, he has had an interaction with the prime minister of Pakistan. As a result of that, we look forward – that when the United Nations General Assembly meets, there will be an opportunity for the foreign ministers of these two countries to continue this dialogue.
SECRETARY CLINTON: As I understand your question, it was whether we opposed the transfer of processing and enrichment technology. Well, clearly, we don’t. We have just completed a civil nuclear deal with India. So if it’s done within the appropriate channels and carefully safeguarded, as it is in the case of India, then that is appropriate, but we are very much opposed to unauthorized and inappropriate transfers that unfortunately can take place by certain countries or non-state actors doing so.
So there is a right way to do it, and there is a very wrong way, and we’re seeking the advice and suggestions from India about how we can prevent the unauthorized and dangerous transfer of nuclear technology and materiel which poses a threat to the entire world.
MR. KELLY: I’d like to call on Bob Burns from the AP.
QUESTION: I have a question for Secretary Clinton. Ma’am, there’s been an accumulation of grim news in Afghanistan this month. There was the capture of the American soldier, there was the Taliban video of him in captivity, there has been a fast-rising death toll among the coalition forces. As you know, the number of American troops killed this month already is the highest for any month since the war began almost eight years ago. I wonder if you take responsibility for a diplomatic failure to get more assistance and support from allies and coalition partners.
And if I also may ask a related question on Pakistan: You said yesterday that some of the people associated with the 9/11 attacks were hiding in Pakistan. Now today, the Pakistani Government denied that. I wonder if you could just say what makes you so sure that they – makes you so sure that they are in Pakistan. Thank you.
SECRETARY CLINTON: Well, Bob, as to the first question, it is deeply regrettable and tragic that we have had the loss of life by our Marines and soldiers in the last weeks as they have aggressively pursued the Taliban in southern Afghanistan. And we are very concerned about the kidnapping of our American soldier and are working to do all we can to obtain his safe release.
But I think it’s unfair to link the tragic loss of Americans in the battle against the Taliban and their associated terrorist allies with a failure by our allies. The last weeks also brought the largest loss of life for British soldiers. Other of our allies are engaged in combat, not only in the south, but sort of holding the line in the north. And I think that the commitment by ISAF and others to support this offensive against the Taliban is commendable.
Now, we are bearing the brunt of the battle because we have put more troops into it. But we are very grateful for the contributions and the sacrifice of so many who have come to the aid of Afghanistan and the Afghans themselves, who are also on the front lines sacrificing to try to bring peace and stability to their country. This is a very difficult battle, but it is one that we feel must be waged. And we have a strategy that the President has approved, and we are implementing it.
With respect to the location of those who were part of the planning of execution of the attacks of 9/11 against our country, we firmly believe that a significant number of them are in the border area of Pakistan. And we have conveyed that to the Pakistani Government and others, and we are actively looking for additional information that would lead us to them.
MODERATOR: Last two questions. (Inaudible.) Go ahead, please.
QUESTION: I’m (inaudible).
MODERATOR: Speak up, (inaudible).
QUESTION: (Inaudible) Madame Secretary. I want to ask you that as far as Bush Administration is concerned and as far as your Obama Administration is concerned, we have seen a feeling – getting a sense of feeling that you are more inclined toward deepening relationships with – towards China and Pakistan, not (inaudible) India. Do you share that thought? What are your comments on that?
SECRETARY CLINTON: That question’s for me – oh, I was talking to (inaudible). I didn’t hear you.
QUESTION: (Laughter.) I wanted to start —
MODERATOR: Would you please repeat the question, please?
QUESTION: Yeah. First up, I wanted to ask you, ma’am, that as far as Bush Administration was concerned and now the new Obama Administration is concerned, we have seen that there is a sense of feeling that this new Administration is more concerned and inclined toward deepening the relationship with Pakistan and – China and Pakistan. What are your comments on that?
SECRETARY CLINTON: Well, my comments – if I don’t choke – are that we have demonstrated very clearly the significance and importance of our relationship with India. We entered into this relationship to broaden and deepen it as partners already on the world stage. And what we have outlined today will be a significant expansion of our bilateral relationship. We also have a very important set of issues that we are pursuing with Pakistan, with China, and with many other countries around the world.
But I don’t think you can understate the significance of our relationship as two democracies. We understand the difficulties of decision making in democracies. And we respect the vibrancy of each other’s democracy. That is a much stronger base for a relationship than any other in the world, because it is democracies that are able to expand an understanding of common interests and show mutual respect, and that is what is at the core of our broadening relationship between us.
So yes, of course, we have relations with other countries. The United States is called upon to act globally every single hour of every single day. But as the invitation to Prime Minister Singh’s first state visit in the Obama Administration demonstrates, we are very committed to this relationship.
MR. KELLY: The last question to Arshad Mohammed, Reuters.
QUESTION: Secretary Clinton, did you specifically discuss either with External Affairs Minister Krishna, with Prime Minister Singh, or with other Indian officials the possibility of restricting exports of gasoline and other refined petroleum products to Iran?
The other day, you told us that you were looking forward to hearing the perspectives of Indian officials that would appear to differ somewhat on the threat of the possibility of Iran getting a nuclear weapon. Did you hear anything on that that has changed your views on the matter? And —
SECRETARY CLINTON: How many questions do you have, Arshad? (Laughter.)
QUESTION: Just one —
SECRETARY CLINTON: Show some pity —
QUESTION: One more. Just one more.
SECRETARY CLINTON: — for my diminished capacity here.
QUESTION: Minister, can you explain why your perspective on the risk of Iran getting a nuclear weapon differs from the American’s? And did – and what do you think of the possibility of trying to restrict gasoline exports to Iran?
SECRETARY CLINTON: Well, Arshad, there is no difference between us on our positions. Prime Minister Singh is on the public record as saying that India does not want to see Iran obtain a nuclear weapon. They have exactly the same position as we do.
And in the discussions today and the discussions to come, we’re going to be exploring with India their approach and perspectives toward Iran, and any advice that they can contribute to what is now an international consensus about the dangers posed to global stability if Iran were to become a nuclear weapons power.
So there’s a lot to discuss and we intend to do so. But our policy is in synch; neither of us want to see Iran obtain nuclear weapons.
MODERATOR: Thank you. The interaction now draws to a close.

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