Posts Tagged ‘Trafficking in Persons Report’

The chapter begins in Algeria, a key partner on many fronts and one, like many, that could do with some improvements on the human rights side of the page.  Near the end of her tenure as secretary of state, she traveled to Algeria with, as always, a checklist of items to be addressed.  One, not mentioned in this brief statement beside President Bouteflika, was the consideration of a GE bid on a contract for power plants while American industry competed with state-run operations that played by rules different from ours or, in some cases, ignored the rules entirely.

Hillary Clinton With Algerian President Abdelaziz Bouteflika

The published remarks were meager, but the meeting was three hours long. Months afterwards, GE was awarded the contract Hillary was promoting.  Generators and turbines being built in the U.S. for this contract support thousands of manufacturing jobs here.  This, Hillary tells us, is why energy and economics must be at the heart of diplomacy.

She tells us that on accepting her post in 2009 she was faced by two major questions:

  1. Could we build and sustain good jobs at home and speed up the economy by opening new markets and boosting exports?
  2. Were we going to let China and other relatively closed markets perpetually rewrite the rules to the disadvantage of our industries and workers

The global financial crisis, she explains, brought trade, energy, and economics within her purview as it had not been for prior secretaries of state.  She dubbed it “economic statecraft” and urged diplomats to make it a priority.

Hillary outlined her argument for fair trade agreements to be presented in Hong Kong later that month at this event in July 2011.

Secretary Clinton at the 2011 U.S. Global Leadership Coalition (USGLC) Conference

Our foreign policy must be a force for economic renewal here at home. We all know that families are struggling to get back on their feet after the most severe economic downturn since the Great Depression. We all know we face genuine economic competition in more sectors, from more companies, from more places than ever before, whether it’s from Indian pharmaceutical companies or Brazilian jet manufacturers. And all of us here today recognize that a strong economy at home is vital to America’s leadership in the world. Now there will be many prescriptions for what is needed. My plea is that the prescriptions be evidence-based and not ideological or even theological, as sometimes they seem to be….

In Hong Kong later this month, I’ll be speaking about the rules and values that support our global economic order. And this fall, I plan to give a larger address on economics and America’s strategic choices. But today, I want to tell you about how we are using the tools of our foreign policy to create American jobs.

Then she went on the world stage with her case, as she recounts.

Secretary Clinton’s Remarks on Principles for Prosperity in the Asia Pacific

The United States approaches this question with great humility, and with hard-won lessons learned from overcoming difficult economic challenges throughout our history.

We must start with the most urgent task before us: realigning our economies in the wake of the global financial crisis. This means pursuing a more balanced strategy for global economic growth – the kind that President Obama and President Hu Jintao have embraced, and the G20 is promoting…

Last March in APEC meetings in Washington, I laid out four attributes that I believe characterize healthy economic competition. And these are very simple concepts, easy to say, hard to do: open, free, transparent, and fair. Hong Kong is helping to give shape to these principles and is showing the world their value…

… all who benefit from open, free, transparent, and fair competition have a vital interest and a responsibility to follow the rules. Enough of the world’s commerce takes place with developing nations, that leaving them out of the rules-based system would render the system unworkable. And that, ultimately, that would impoverish everyone.

US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton sp

Her words were preempted and shadowed by the debt-ceiling debate in Washington.  Hillary, in Hong Kong was greeted with questions about U.S. solvency and bravely assured that of course we pay our debts secretly praying that we would. Her words in the book eloquently communicate her level of frustration with the situation in which her government in D.C. had placed her.  “Period.”

Donald Tsang Hillary Rodham Clinton

Hong Kong Chief Executive Donald Tsang (

She was putting on a confident face for all of us, but she should not have had to.  The meeting with Donald Tsang (above) was one thing.   The subsequent one with Dai Bingguo was another.  Amid the customary smiles, she ended that meeting telling him, “We could spend the next six hours talking about China’s domestic challenges.”

Dai Bingguo, Hillary Rodham Clinton Chinese State Councilor Dai Bingguo (R) Dai Bingguo, Hillary Rodham Clinton

For Hillary, export promotion was a personal mission.  Not just the big companies, the small ones, too.  Her persistence with Russia won a Boeing contract.  Not immediately.  It took time, but it succeeded.

Secretary Clinton’s Remarks Following Tour of Boeing Design Center

Among the very successful initiatives was “Open Skies” which reached 100 partners in early 2011, provides for direct flights,  bolsters local economies by hundreds of millions of dollars, and supports thousands of jobs.  (Go to Hillary for the wonky numbers.)

Secretary Clinton’s Remarks at Celebration of 100 Open Skies Partners

Discussing labor, transported jobs, and low standard working conditions, she also addresses forced labor and human trafficking.  She relates stories of horrendous working conditions as told to her on this visit.

Hillary Clinton in Cambodia Part 3: Siem Reap Center Visit Slideshow



Watching Al Jazeera, I learned about this.  Oddly, one woman says she makes her little boys do this to finance her daughter’s education.  It is dangerous – deadly.  Some boys are badly disabled very young, and the horses are so little and are beaten – hit on the face and abused.  The old men say this is tradition.  Like many supposed traditions, much about this is downright criminal.  Hillary does not mention it.  As far as I know she might never have heard of it since the story came out today.  I thought I would add it here since  the subject of forced child labor is prominent here.

Forced labor, child and animal abuse in one “traditional” package.  If Hillary saw this, I am sure she is having a fit!   Today I saw these disturbing figures from the Department of Labor: 168 million children worldwide engaged in manual labor; 85 million in hazardous labor.  This happens, of course, because of limited earning options for adults.


Horse Play: Child Jockeys in Indonesia

Written by  Fri,08 November 2013 | 16:30

Horse Play: Child Jockeys in Indonesia

In the remote eastern part of Indonesia, children as young as four or five work as professional child jockeys.  On the island of Sumba, famous for its horses, racing festivals are recently held.

Earlier this month, a race in the east of the island lasted 11 days and attracted nearly 600 horses.

And all the jockeys were under 11 years old…

I meet one of them, 7-year-old Ade… who comes below my waist.

He’s putting on a balaclava so I can now just see his eyes and mouth. He’s also wearing a small helmet and no shoes.

He has a black eye from when he fell off a horse and he has been doing this job since he was four.

Ade doesn’t own a horse. So he is here hoping someone will hire him as their jockey.

Read more >>>>

Hillary mentions that she added the U.S. to the annual trafficking in persons report.  This was not a popular move when she initiated it.  It ruffled a lot of feathers, but her argument for doing so is hard to refute.  She brought in Lou CdeBaca to address this.

Hillary Clinton Releases the Ninth Annual Trafficking in Persons Report

… I’m especially pleased that our new Ambassador Luis CdeBaca, the new director of the Office to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons here at the State Department was confirmed in time for him to be part of this ceremony…

We are including more information about the United States in our report. I believe when you shine a bright light you need to shine it on everyone, and we will rank ourselves. We believe we’re Tier 1, but we will rank ourselves next year in the report so that we have done our duty as well.

You see some of the reactions to her addition of the U.S. in this post.when she released the report the next year.

Secretary Clinton Announcing the Release of the 2010 Trafficking in Persons Report

Today we release the 10th annual Trafficking in Persons Report. I remember very well when we got the wheels in motion for this process because we wanted to document the persistent injustice of modern slavery. We wanted to tell the stories of men, women, boys, and girls held in forced labor or sexual servitude around the world. And for the first time ever, we are also reporting on the United States of America because we believe it is important to keep the spotlight on ourselves.

Hillary Clinton Releases 10th Annual Trafficking In Persons Report

Secretary Clinton at Release of Trafficking In Persons Report 2011

Hillary Clinton Releases 2012 Trafficking In Persons (TIP) Report

Hillary Clinton’s Townterview in Bangladesh

QUESTION: (Via interpreter.) My name is Alia Atta. I am the general secretary for BGIF. We work with workers’ rights. And there we face all kinds of obstructions with the police, goons, thugs, and false allegations in court. And, in fact, one of our leaders, Aminul Islam, was very brutally murdered. With such conditions, how can we work with the cause of workers’ rights? Thanks.

SECRETARY CLINTON: Thank you. (Applause.) And – well, first let me say that I spoke out strongly to point that there needed to be an independent investigation into the murder of Mr. Islam, because certainly his family and his colleagues deserve answers about what happened to him. So on that particular case, this is a real test for the government and for the society to make sure you don’t say that anyone can have impunity. That’s a key issue for the rule of law.

Secondly, on your larger question, the history of labor rights and labor unions in any developing society is always difficult. There are strong forces that oppose workers being organized. We have this in my own country. You go back to the 19th and the early 20th century when labor unions were just getting started, there were goons, there were thugs, there were killings, there were riots, there were terrible conditions. We passed laws at the beginning of the 20th century against child labor, against too many hours for people to work, but that took time. It took time to develop a sense of political will to address those issues. So you are beginning that, and it’s a very important struggle. I think in today’s world, everything is accelerated because everything is known. There are no secret issues that can’t be exposed. There are exposes about factories from China to Latin America. So you are doing very important work. Do not be discouraged or intimidated. But you deserve to have the support of your government and your society.

The third point I would make is that we have worked from Colombia to Cambodia with the owners of factories and other enterprises to help them understand how they can continue to make a very good profit while treating their workers right. And in fact, we have spent a lot of time trying to help owners of businesses understand how to do that. And it’s worked. And we have people who are quite experts in that.

For many years, Colombia, the country in South America that has one of the fastest-growing economies in the world right now, had hundreds of labor organizers killed. And they were killed by economic forces and political forces that didn’t want to share power, didn’t want to share profits, who didn’t see that that was part of the obligation of democracy and society. So we have seen this happen all over the world, and we stand ready to work with factory owners and labor organizers to have a better dialogue, to understand what can work, and then to help you implement it.

So I thank you for raising it because it’s a part of becoming a middle class country. Workers deserve to have their labor respected and fairly paid for. Factory owners deserve to have what they pay for, which is an honest day’s work for the wages that they pay. So there is a way to accommodate those interests, and we’ve seen it, and we can continue to work with you to try to achieve it.



On the topic of energy, Hillary mentions what she calls “the resource curse”  – her term for resources engendering corruption and uses Nigeria as an example of a country where she repeatedly warned that corruption needed to be tackled and the profits from resources fairly distributed.

Hillary Clinton’s Town Hall in Nigeria

Hillary Clinton With Nigerian Foreign Minister Ojo Maduekwe

Hillary Clinton Pays a Visit to Nigeria Speaks with President Jonathan


One energy issue Hillary addressed through the Clinton Foundation was that of toxic fuels for cooking.  She provides statistics revealing the global health threat posed by cooking in unventilated areas using toxic fuels, a problem that led her to a solution.

Secretary Clinton Announces the Global Alliance for Clean Cookstoves at the Clinton Global Initiative

Secretary Clinton’s Remarks on Global Alliance for Clean Cookstoves at the Clinton Global Initiative

Before we even get to the chapter on Haiti, I can attest to one other problem created by the use of charcoal there.  Deforestation.  The mountains are denuded and whenever there are big tropical storms and hurricanes, the floods and torrents are deadly.  It is not a direct threat from the toxic fuels (that exists as well of course), but represents danger to life and limb.

Secretary Clinton and Julia Roberts Joint Op-Ed: ‘Clean stoves” would save lives, cut pollution

Secretary Clinton’s Video Remarks for NIH Cookstove Workshop

Secretary Clinton Recruits Seven More African Allies for Clean Cookstoves

Hillary Clinton Assumes Leadership Chair at Global Alliance for Clean Cookstoves

Hillary ends this chapter with an eloquent argument for the growth of a global middle class that will ensure our own growth, more common ground with our international neighbors, and, a a result, a more secure America in the future.


Hillary Clinton’s ‘Hard Choices’ Retrospective: Introduction

Access other chapters of this retrospective here >>>>



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Release of the 2012 Trafficking in Persons Report


Hillary Rodham Clinton
Secretary of State
Maria Otero
Under Secretary for Civilian Security, Democracy, and Human Rights
Luis CdeBaca
Ambassador-at-Large, Office To Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons
Vincent Paraiso
Benjamin Franklin Room
Washington, DC
June 19, 2012

UNDER SECRETARY OTERO:Good afternoon, everyone. And welcome to the Department of State. It’s wonderful to have you all here. I want to especially welcome Will Smith and Jada Pinkett Smith for being here with us. Thank you for being here. (Applause.)Every year, this event brings together committed leaders and activists from across the anti-trafficking movement, and the enthusiasm that’s surrounding this rollout shows us the momentum that we have built in the struggle against modern slavery.

I am Maria Otero. I am the Under Secretary for Civilian Security, Democracy, and Human Rights. My office oversees the bureaus that help countries and governments create just societies, societies that are grounded in democratic principles that guarantee respect for human rights and that apply the rule of law. Whether we’re helping strengthen judicial systems or we’re denouncing human rights abuses or helping build strong law enforcement capacities or combating trafficking in persons, we’re aiming to help countries protect the individual citizens in their countries.

Trafficking challenges are one of the problems that we have. And it is also the one area that deals with one of our most fundamental values. That is the basic freedom and dignity of every individual. Trafficking also tears at the very fabric of society. It rips families apart. It devastates communities. It holds people back from becoming full participants in their own political processes in their own economies. And it challenges the ability of countries to build strong justice systems and transparent governments. That’s why fighting modern slavery is a priority for the United States. In that fight, we partner with governments around the world to improve and increase the prosecution of this crime, to prevent the crime from spreading, and to protect those individuals who are victimized by it.

While governments bear this responsibility of protecting their individual citizens, this fight depends on a broader partnership as well. Without the efforts of civil society, the faith community, the private sector, we would not be able to advance and we would not be able to see the advances that the report highlights. The report that we are issuing today guides our work. It represents the very best knowledge and information on the state of modern slavery in the world today. It shows the fruit of partnerships around the world. It shows the strides that we’ve made in protecting individuals, and it shows how far we yet still have to go to assure the basic human rights.

I want to thank everyone who has worked this last year to compile these reports, from the NGOs that submit this information to the governments that provide us with data, from the diplomats in our overseas missions, to the staff of the Office of Monitor and Combating Trafficking in Persons who are here today. And today really is the culmination of tireless work over many months that they have taken on. And for that reason, it is really my pleasure and my privilege to be able to introduce my colleague who runs that office and who has shepherded and given leadership to this process, our Ambassador-at-Large to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons Luis CdeBaca. (Applause.)

AMBASSADOR CDEBACA: Thank you, Madam Under Secretary, for the introduction and for your leadership here at the State Department. Bringing so many different issues together under this label of civilian security over the last year has allowed room here in the State Department and across the U.S. Government for constructive collaborations, whether we’re dealing with human rights, migration, criminal justice, war crimes, counterterrorism, or, as today, human trafficking. Because building democracy, growing economies, unleashing the full potential of the individual, these things don’t just happen. They start with people.

Around the world in the last year, we’ve heard those people, their voices calling, calling out for democracy, for greater opportunity. We recognize that sound. It’s the sound of hope. And traffickers ensnare their victims by exploiting that hope, especially the hope of the vulnerable. “Come with me, I’ll help you start a modeling career. Pay me $10,000, I’ll get you that job. I love you. I’ll take care of you. Just do this for us.” As long as the Trafficking in Persons Report is needed, we will find in its pages account after account of traffickers peddling false hope.

But that’s not all that we find in the pages of this report because every year that passes, those false hopes are overtaken more and more by real hope; the real hope that the modern abolitionist movement provides. And just as trafficking takes many forms, the way that we fight slavery today, the way that we provide hope for those who have been exploited, is growing. It is growing more diverse and more innovative, and so are the people who are stepping up.

We see it in the private sector, where corporate leaders are using their business skills. They’re hearing from consumers who don’t want to buy things tainted by modern slavery. Leaders like CEO Tom Mazzetta. When he read a report about forced labor in the fishing industry, he wasn’t just shocked. He acted. He wrote two letters. The first was to the company he used, until that day, to source calamari. The second was an open letter to all of his customers telling them that his brand was his family, his family name, and he would not taint it or his customers with slavery in his supply chain. We’re inspired by his principled stand.

We see it among activists like Jada Pinkett Smith and her family, who have a unique platform from which to act. When her daughter Willow began asking about these types of subjects, she didn’t just explain it away as something that happens over there. She got to work. She’s launching a new website to serve as a resource for victims and survivors and is an information hub for those who seek to learn more about this crime. Jada, we thank you for your advocacy.

We see it in people’s day to day lives, like when Aram Kovach was watching CNN one day. He saw the story of a young boy castrated because he refused to take part in a begging ring. He wasn’t just horrified by the reality of modern slavery. Aram did something. He got in touch with the boy’s family and he paid for him to come to the United States for surgery. Mr. Kovach we’re moved by your compassion.

And if I can take a moment of personal privilege, we see it in the men and women who contribute to this report: our colleagues at embassies around the world, in our regional bureaus here in Washington, and especially the reports in political affairs team of the Office to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons. We thank you all for your rigor, your commitment, and the zeal with which you attack this problem.

And we see it ultimately in the victims, the survivors, whether they choose to become activists or whether they choose to lead a life of quiet anonymity. When you log on to slaveryfootprint.org – and I hope you do – and it asks you how many slaves work for you, remember that those victims are not statistics. It’ll give you a number, but these people are not numbers. They are people with hopes, with dreams, with courage, and with names. Remember their names, names like Amina, Maria Elena, Joel, Ashley. It’s their courage that challenge us to deliver on this promise, this promise of freedom.

And it’s my pleasure to introduce someone who has never turned away from that challenge. From the start of this effort, when most people didn’t want to talk about modern slavery, to this day, when we recommit ourselves to the vision of a world without slavery, ladies and gentlemen, the Secretary of State. (Applause.)

SECRETARY CLINTON: Thank you. Thank you all very much. And I am delighted to see a standing room only crowd here in the Benjamin Franklin Room for this very important annual event. I welcome all of you here to the State Department. And I want to begin by thanking Ambassador CdeBaca and his team for all the hard work that goes into this report, and the passion that they bring to the fight against modern slavery. I would like, Lou, for you and your team to either stand or wave your hand if you’re already standing. Could we have everyone from – (applause) – thank you. I so appreciate what you do every day, not just when we roll out the report, and I’m very proud to be your colleague.

I also want to welcome our 10 TIP heroes, whose work is making a real difference. You will hear more about each one individually when we recognize them, but I want, personally, to thank them because they do remind us that one person’s commitment and passion, one person’s experience and the courage to share that experience with the world, can have a huge impact. And I am delighted to welcome all of our TIP heroes here today. Thank you. (Applause.)

And I will join Lou in thanking Jada Pinkett Smith and Will for being here, and through you, your daughter. Because, as Lou said, it was their daughter who brought this issue to Jada’s attention, and I am so pleased that she has taken on this cause. And we look forward to working with you.

In the United States today, we are celebrating what’s called Juneteenth. That’s freedom day, the date in 1865 when a Union officer stood on a balcony in Galveston, Texas and read General Order Number 3, which declared, “All slaves are free.” It was one of many moments in history when a courageous leader tipped the balance and made the world more free and more just. But the end of legal slavery in the United States and in other countries around the world has not, unfortunately, meant the end of slavery.

Today, it is estimated as many as 27 million people around the world are victims of modern slavery, what we sometimes call trafficking in persons. As Lou said, I’ve worked on this issue now for more than a dozen years. And when we started, we called it trafficking. And we were particularly concerned about what we saw as an explosion of the exploitation of people, most especially women, who were being quote, “trafficked” into the sex trade and other forms of servitude. But I think labeling this for what it is, slavery, has brought it to another dimension.

I mean, trafficking, when I first used to talk about it all those years ago, I think for a while people wondered whether I was talking about road safety – (laughter) – what we needed to do to improve transportation systems. But slavery, there is no mistaking what it is, what it means, what it does. And these victims of modern slavery are women and men, girls and boys. And their stories remind us of what kind of inhumane treatment we are still capable of as human beings. Some, yes, are lured to another country with false promises of a good job or opportunities for their families. Others can be exploited right where they grew up, where they now live. Whatever their background, they are living, breathing reminders that the work to eradicate slavery remains unfinished. The fact of slavery may have changed, but our commitment to ending it has not and the deeply unjust treatment that it provides has not either.

Now the United States is not alone in this fight. Many governments have rallied around what we call the three P’s of fighting modern slavery: prevention, prosecution, and protection. And this report, which is being issued today, gives a clear and honest assessment of where all of us are making progress on our commitments and where we are either standing still or even sliding backwards. It takes a hard look at every government in the world, including our own. Because when I became Secretary of State, I said, “When we are going to be issuing reports on human trafficking, on human rights that talk about other countries, we’re also going to be examining what we’re doing,” because I think it’s important that we hold ourselves to the same standard as everyone else.

Now, this year’s report tells us that we are making a lot of progress. Twenty-nine countries were upgraded from a lower tier to a higher one, which means that their governments are taking the right steps. This could mean enacting strong laws, stepping up their investigations and prosecutions, or simply laying out a roadmap of steps they will take to respond.

But this issue and the progress we’ve made are about much more than statistics on prosecutions and vulnerable populations. It’s about what is happening in the lives of the girls and women I recently met in Kolkata. I visited a few months ago and was able to meet with some extraordinary women and girls who were getting their lives back after suffering unspeakable abuses. One young girl, full of life, came up and asked me if I wanted to see her perform some karate moves. And I said, “Of course.” And the way she stood up so straight and confident, the pride and accomplishment in her eyes, was so inspiring. This was a child who’d been born in a brothel to a young mother who had been forced and sold into prostitution. But when her mother finally escaped and took her daughter with her, they were out of harm’s way and finally able to make choices for themselves.

Now I don’t know what’s going to happen to that young girl, whose image I see in my mind’s eye, in the years and decades ahead. But I do know that with a little help, her life can be so much better than her mother’s. And that’s what we need to be focused on, and it’s what we need to try to do for all victims and survivors.

That’s why in this year’s report, we are especially focused on that third P, victim protection. And in these pages, you’ll find a lot of proven practices and innovative approaches to protecting victims. This is a useful and specific guide for governments looking to scale up their own efforts. What kind of psychological support might a victim need? How should immigration laws work to protect migrant victims? How can labor inspectors learn to recognize the warning signs of traffickers? And what can you and all of us do to try to help?

When I met with the people who were working with victims in Kolkata, I met several young women from the United States who had been inspired by reading about and watching and going online and learning about what was happening in the efforts to rescue and protect victims. And they were there in Kolkata, working with organizations, NGOs, and the faith community, to do their part. So this is a moment for people to ask themselves not just what government can do to end modern slavery, but what can I do, what can we do together.

Ultimately, this report reminds us of the human cost of this crime. Traffickers prey on the hopes and dreams of those seeking a better life. And our goal should be to put those hopes and dreams back within reach, whether it’s getting a good job to send money home to support a family, trying to get an education for oneself or one’s children, or simply pursuing new opportunities that might lead to a better life. We need to ensure that all survivors have that opportunity to move past what they endured and to make the most of their potential.

I’m very pleased that every year we have the chance to honor people who have made such a contribution in this modern struggle against modern slavery. And I’m also pleased that this is a high priority for President Obama and the Obama Administration. It’s something that is not just political and not just a policy, but very personal and very deep. You might have seen over the weekend a long story about Mrs. Obama’s roots going back to the time of our own period of slavery and the family that nurtured her, which has roots in the fields and the houses of a time when Americans owned slaves.

So as we recommit ourselves to end modern slavery, we should take a moment to reflect on how far we have come, here in our country and around the world, but how much farther we still have to go to find a way to free those 27 million victims and to ensure that there are no longer any victims in the future.

Thank you all very much. (Applause.)

AMBASSADOR CDEBACA: We are joined today by 10 amazing individuals representative of thousands of more amazing individuals who work so hard to do their part in this fight. And I’d ask that the TIP heroes from this side of the stage come over and join us starting with –

SECRETARY CLINTON: Stand over here?

AMBASSADOR CDEBACA: I think we’re going to do it right over here. Starting with Marcelo Colombo. Marcelo Colombo from Argentina, in recognition of his profound influence on efforts to investigate and prosecute human trafficking cases and take a bold stance against corruption and official complicity. Marcelo Colombo. (Applause.)

In recognition of her extraordinary commitment to uncovering human trafficking cases, her innovative strategy to raise public awareness in spite of limited resources, and a proactive approach to providing protection services to victims in Aruba, Jeannette Richardson-Baars (Applause.)

In recognition of her ambitious efforts to strengthen legislative and criminal justice responses to trafficking in Southeast Asia and her substantial contribution to identify the core elements of a comprehensive anti-trafficking model from Australia, Anne Gallagher. (Applause.)

In recognition of his amazing courage to escape slavery and his remarkable activism to end human trafficking, raising awareness of labor exploitation in the fishing industry of Southeast Asia, Vannak Anan Prum. (Applause.)

In recognition of his unwavering efforts in the face of threats and acts of violence against him and his family to provide aid to trafficking victims in the Republic of the Congo, Raimi Vincent Paraiso. (Applause.)

In recognition of his dedication to victim protection and support and his tireless work to enlist new partners in anti-trafficking efforts in Greece, Phil Hyldgaard. (Applause.)

For her compassion and courage in bringing attention to the suffering of the human trafficking victims in the Sinai and her groundbreaking projects that identify these abuses, Sister Azezet Habtezghi Kidane. (Applause.)

For her ongoing and exemplary leadership to increase engagement and strengthen commitments to fight trafficking in the OSCE region, Judge Maria Grazia Giammarinaro. (Applause.)

In recognition of her courageous advocacy on behalf of vulnerable people and her pioneering work to outlaw slavery once and for all in Mauritania, a country in which she was the first woman lawyer, Fatimata M’Baye. (Applause.)

The founder of International Justice Mission, an internationally recognized human rights organization, for his work to preserve rule of law around the globe, Gary Haugen. (Applause.)

UNDER SECRETARY OTERO: If I could ask Vincent to please come to the podium and speak on behalf of the TIP heroes, please. (Applause.)

MR. PARAISO: Bonjour. (Via interpreter) Madam Secretary, honorable under secretaries, honorable ambassadors, heads of diplomatic missions, distinguished guests. On behalf of my organization, Alto-Afrique Enfants, and of all the heroes here that I have the honor to represent, I would like to thank the United States Government for honoring us with this award at this unforgettable moment.

The phenomenon of human trafficking has reached alarming proportions around the world. My country, the Republic of Congo, and many others represented at this meeting are unfortunately not spared from this crime. Therefore, the international community cannot remain silent against this evil and must continue to respond relentlessly. I would also like to thank the U.S. embassies in our respective countries for their advocacy and dialogue with host country governments in the fight against this phenomenon.

In my career as a medical doctor, the numerous traumatic injuries I have seen inflicted and cured on child victims of trafficking led me to stand as a pillar of support for hundreds of children. These child victims of trafficking have been identified, rescued, protected, and sometimes supported by our organization in the Republic of the Congo. This work has led to several kidnapping and assassination attempts against me by potential traffickers. But it has also filled me with joy and happiness when, for instance, I heard a Senegalese teenager who I rescued tell me, “You are my father.”

I have the honor to represent Alto-Afrique Enfants, and we will continue the fight against traffickers with passion. As for its commitments to the fight and trafficking and forced labor, Alto will continue to work jointly with the government, UNICEF, and other international and national organizations. This is a problem that must be resolved through a joint effort. Human trafficking is a human rights violation.

An approach grounded in human rights in the prevention of and the fight against trafficking has several requirements in both law and practice. Most of all, victims’ rights must be fully respected and they must be clearly identified. Finally, these victims are entitled to justice, reparations, and should be treated with close attention, as they are vulnerable. Perseverance and collaboration will lead us to success, meaning the eradication of this phenomenon.

Madam Secretary, distinguished guests, ladies, and gentlemen, I would like to conclude by stating that I hope we can work together to build a better future for all children of the world. Thank you. (Applause.)

UNDER SECRETARY OTERO: Merci beaucoup, Vincent. C’est magnifique. C’est tres magnifique. (Laughter.) Your words are inspiring and your leadership in this struggle is also inspiring. You and all the TIP heroes are once again reminding us that the individual actions of each human being has tremendous impact and that we are all responsible for playing a role in eradicating this horrible crime that continues to persist in our societies.

I want to thank you all for joining this event today. The commitment, the passion, the responsibility that all of you take on and that is represented in this room, once again reminds us that we are not only moving in the right direction, but that we are going to make this goal be within our reach. So thank you very much for being here with us today. Thank you, Madam Secretary. (Applause.)

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WASHINGTON, DC – JUNE 27: U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton speaks about the 2011 Trafficking in Persons Report at the Department of State on June 27, 2011 in Washington, DC. The annual report is considered the most comprehensive analyses of worldwide human trafficking and assesses efforts by governments worldwide to fight sexual exploitation, forced labor and slavery. (Photo by Mark Wilson/Getty Images)

Secretary Clinton to Release Annual Trafficking in Persons (TIP) Report

Notice to the Press

Office of the Spokesperson
Washington, DC
June 18, 2012

On Tuesday, June 19 at 4:00 p.m., Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton will unveil the 2012 Trafficking in Persons (TIP) Report during a ceremony at the U.S. Department of State. As required by the Trafficking Victims Protection Act (TVPA), the TIP Report assesses governments around the world on their efforts to combat modern slavery. The 12th annual TIP Report includes narratives of 186 countries and territories. At the rollout event, Secretary Clinton will also honor the 2012 TIP Heroes, men and women whose personal efforts have made an extraordinary difference in the global fight against modern slavery. The event will be attended by members of the diplomatic corps, nongovernmental and international organization representatives, and anti-trafficking activists, including actress Jada Pinkett-Smith.

The report will be available to the public on www.state.gov/j/tip.


Secretary Clinton and ESPN President John Skipper to Make Announcement Thursday

Notice to the Press

Office of the Spokesperson
Washington, DC
June 18, 2012

On Thursday, June 21, Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton will meet with ESPN President John Skipper and make an announcement regarding international efforts to empower women and girls through sports. She will be joined by leading American women in sports and 16 female track and field athletes from the Caribbean who are in the United States participating in an international exchange program as part of the Empowering Women and Girls through Sports Initiative. Click here to learn more.

This announcement will  begin at 9:20 a.m. at the Department of State.


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Annual Meeting of the President’s Interagency Task Force To Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons


Hillary Rodham Clinton
Secretary of State
Eisenhower Executive Office Building
Washington, DC
March 15, 2012

MS. JARRETT:Thank you. Welcome. Good morning, everyone. We want to welcome you to the White House for our annual President’s Task Force to Combat and Monitor Trafficking of Persons. We’re delighted to have it here hosted at the White House. It’s indicative of the President’s commitment to this issue, and we want to thank all of the members of the agencies who have joined us this morning for this meeting.In 2008, the President spoke at Pastor Rick Warren’s Saddleback Church, and he called human trafficking the modern-day enslavement of men, women, and children for sex or labor, and he referred to it as a debasement of our common humanity, which I think sums it up perfectly. As chair of the White House Council on Women and Girls, this issue is of particular importance to me as a leader but also to our council, which is represented by all of the agencies in the federal government as well. And it’s why we’re pleased to have you all here today.

We are confident with the Administration working together, with civil society, with not-for-profits, with the private sector, we can actually tackle this issue head on and conquer it. And we’re delighted to have here Secretary Clinton, who has chaired this task force, and I’ll turn it over to her in a second. But I wanted to, by way of introduction, mention that yesterday we were at the State Department for a luncheon with Prime Minister Cameron, and he said about Secretary Clinton that she has been a strong advocate who is committed to the emancipation and empowerment of women. And I thought that that was a perfect way to describe one of her many roles and one that is particularly germane to the topic of this morning.

So with that, again I want to welcome everyone here and tell you how committed the President is to making sure that we are all collaborating and sharing information together and intending to conquer this issue head on. So with that, I’ll turn it over to Secretary Clinton. Thank you.

SECRETARY CLINTON: Thank you. Well, thank you very much Valerie. And thank you for hosting us here at the White House. This annual event is a good opportunity to hear about the progress that our government is making to combat modern slavery and to talk about our goals going forward. And so I very much appreciate the President’s commitment to this work and the collaboration that has been accomplished throughout the United States Government. So with that, I’m delighted to call this meeting to order.

I want to thank Ambassador CdeBaca and his staff not only for the work they put into staffing the task force, but for the zeal with which they lead this fight around the world. Of course, if this issue doesn’t demand zealous advocacy, it’s hard to figure out what does.

This September marks the 150th anniversary of the Preliminary Emancipation Proclamation. And it’s a good time for us to recommit ourselves, not only to the promise of freedom, but to the work against ending modern slavery.

Around the world, as many as 27 million men, women, and children toil in bondage. This crime undermines economies and the rule of law. It shatters families and communities. It is an affront to our most fundamental values.

This issue is very near and dear to my heart, since the time I was first lady. And we began a full-hearted effort by our government – both the executive branch and Congress – to address this issue. And I’ve had the experience of meeting with survivors here at home and around the world. I’ve seen firsthand what a horrible toll this takes, and so I’m delighted that we have such a dedicated group of members.

This is a priority in the Obama Administration, starting with the President, as Valerie said. And the first time we convened the task force under this Administration, we laid out a set of commitments – a call to action. And in answering that call, we’ve tried to elevate the fight against trafficking to the highest levels of policymaking.

This goes hand in hand. This is not an individual, one-off effort. This goes hand in hand with other work that we’ve been doing on behalf of women and girls and other marginalized people. The White House recently issued a National Action Plan on Women, Peace, and Security to ensure that women are full partners and participants in our efforts to reduce conflict and promote peace and prosperity around the world, because after all, modern slavery disproportionately affects women and girls. And as it does so, it disrupts family networks, and it undermines the foundation of stable economies and societies. So the Action Plan on Women, Peace, and Security contains specific steps to prevent human trafficking of women and children as a result of conflict and to provide assistance to victims.

The State Department has made the struggle against modern slavery an important part of our diplomatic engagement. Our annual Trafficking in Persons Report is the most comprehensive assessment of how well governments are doing to address this crime. The TIP Office’s foreign assistance grants are making a difference in 37 countries, supporting programs that provide crucial assistance to survivors and help governments build their capacity to fight this crime. And thanks to our leadership, the international community is getting behind the effort. Nearly 140 countries have enacted modern anti-trafficking laws, and nearly 150 are party to the UN Trafficking in Persons Protocol.

And we’ve taken action here at home. For instance, we learned that survivors were being made to pay taxes on restitution payments from their abusers. And, well, some of the people in this room as well as colleagues from the Treasury Department who are not with us today saw the problem and said, “This isn’t right; we’re going to do something about it.” So now the Treasury Department has made clear that victims are not liable to pay taxes on the wages of slavery.

Another example: We thought it was unfair for diplomats who victimized their own domestic workers were, because of diplomatic immunity, virtually untouchable. So now, we’re making sure that diplomats coming to this country understand their obligations and responsibilities, and we’re taking action when we have evidence that they are not.

We’re trying to ensure that resources and support are available to victims wherever we find them, and one of those resources is the Department of Health and Human Services National Human Trafficking Resource Center. Its operations have been expanded. It now fields an unprecedented number of calls. And it is really making a difference in reaching out to survivors and helping us prosecute abusers.

Other agencies led by the Department of Homeland Security recently held a public listening session to hear from stakeholders about new ideas for victim services, federal government engagement with local communities, outreach to at-risk groups, and NGO private sector initiatives. Now, we’ve also tried to streamline how we approach cases. And instead of a muddle of agencies claiming or rejecting different responsibilities, thanks to the Departments of Justice, Labor, and Homeland Security, we have in place in the Obama Administration efficient, coordinated, anti-trafficking teams, and they’re making investigations and prosecutions more effective and helping victims.

To help gauge our responses, I’ve included a tier ranking for the United States in the annual Trafficking In Persons Report. I thought it was important, if we were going to be judging other countries, we judged ourselves. And so we hold ourselves to the same standards we apply to others. It’s not only the fair thing to do; it’s turned out also to be the smart thing as well, because including us in the report made it more credible and effective as a diplomatic tool. It shows we’re all in this fight together, that we have a problem, which we are continuing to address, and it’s not just a document that names and shames, but instead it serves as a guide to what practices are working, and more importantly, what every government, including our own, needs to do better, and I greatly appreciate everyone’s efforts on this. This latest publication from the President’s Interagency Task Force Progress in Combating Trafficking in Persons really summarizes a lot of the progress we’ve made in the Obama Administration over the last three-plus years.

Finally, we know that the future of this struggle will depend on innovative solutions, so we are partnering with thinkers whose bold ideas are already helping to make a difference. We now have online tools like the Slavery Footprint so that people can understand the ways in which this crime affects them. It doesn’t just happen to somebody far away, but it does have ripples of criminality that come across the globe.

We have new ways of looking at supply chains and policies, so that can help us cut off the demand that traffickers cruelly exploit. That’s particularly important when you think about the buying power of the federal government. So I think that we meet at a time when we have a lot to be grateful for in terms of the enhanced efforts that we’ve made, the results that we’re getting, but I think this task force is really focused on the challenge and the way ahead.

So let me now turn to Ambassador CdeBaca, who will say a few words about why we consider this such a high priority in our government.

AMBASSADOR CDEBACA: Thank you, Madam Secretary. It’s this Administration’s priority to give voice to the survivors of modern slavery whether in court or in our foreign policy, but those voices have been calling for justice for more than 150 years. A letter from the National Archives recently surfaced, a letter written in September of 1864 by Spotswood Rice to Katherine Diggs, his former master. He wrote from the lines of the Union Army as he and his new comrades marched back to Missouri, back towards the plantation where he had been held. Among those still enslaved was his daughter, Mary. His strength and righteous anger rings out through the years. And I quote:

“I want you to understand that mary is my Child and she is a God given rite of my own. And you may hold on to hear as long as you can, but I want you to remembor this one thing — the longor you keep my Child from me, the longor you will have to burn…and the qwicer youll get their…

“I want you now to just hold on to hear if you want to iff your conchosence tells thats the road go that road and what it will brig you to kittey diggs I have no fears about geting mary out of your hands the whole Government gives chear to me and you cannot help your self.”

We know from the oral histories that once freed, that little girl lived a long and prosperous life. And in 1937, an aged Mary told a WPA historian: “I love army men. My father, brother, husband, and son were all army men. I love a man who fights for his rights and any person who wants to be someone.”

Slavery and the ways that we fight it have changed so much since Spotswood Rice and those other survivors marched with that terrible, swift sword. But as you said last year, Madam Secretary, when we take up this burden at home and abroad, we do it because fighting slavery is part of our national identity. It’s who we are.

Together, we can and we must rise to meet Spotswood Rice’s challenge to go back for everyone’s daughters and sons who remain in servitude. Together, we can give cheer to those who answer the call and march with today’s survivors on their road to freedom.

SECRETARY CLINTON: Thank you so much, Lou. And one of the things that Lou has done over his professional life of commitment to this issue is to continually link it to larger struggles for human freedom, including our own.

I want to turn now to the Attorney General, because the Attorney General and the Justice Department have been great partners in our efforts to combat this scourge. And I want to thank Attorney General Holder.

ATTORNEY GENERAL HOLDER: Well, thank you, Secretary Clinton. And also let me start by thanking President Obama for hosting us and for his extraordinary leadership in this global fight against human trafficking, and also thanks to my good friend Valerie Jarrett for bringing us together today and for her attention to this issue.

It’s really an honor for me to join with my colleagues and partners to discuss the progress that we have made over the past year, but also to identify ways in which we can continue the momentum that we have built up over the past year and make sure that all that we have pledged to do in this Administration actually does occur.

One of the things I would point out is that one of the four priorities that I’ve identified for the Justice Department is that we protect the most vulnerable among us. And this fits right into one of those four core priorities for the United States Department of Justice. For Justice, our commitment to preventing human trafficking, bringing traffickers to justice, and assisting victims has really never been stronger, and our approach, I don’t think, has ever been more effective. Our work has sent a clear and critical message that in this country and under this Administration, human trafficking crimes will simply not be tolerated.

I’m proud to report that in the past year we charged a record number of people with human trafficking offenses, and over the last three years we have achieved significant increases in human trafficking prosecutions, including the rise of more than 30 percent in the number of forced labor and adult sex trafficking prosecutions.

Now, this work is really more than statistics. It has saved lives. It has ensured freedom. It has restored dignity to women, to men, to children, in virtually every corner of this country. We have liberated scores of victims. We have secured long prison sentences against individual traffickers. But we’ve also dismantled really large transnational organized crime enterprises. As many of you will recall, last February the Justice Department launched a human trafficking enhanced enforcement initiative in order to take our counter-trafficking enforcement levels – efforts to a new level.

Now, as part of this commitment, I announced the Anti-Trafficking Coordination Team, or ACT Team, initiative that’s an interagency collaboration among the Departments of Justice, Homeland Security, and Labor, aimed at streamlining federal criminal investigations and prosecutions of human trafficking offenses. And following a very rigorous and competitive interagency selection process, we launched six Phase One Pilot ACT Teams around the country. And they are located in Atlanta, El Paso, Kansas City, Los Angeles, Memphis, and Miami, and today these teams are fully operational. And by bringing federal investigative agencies and federal prosecutors together, they are allowing us to develop and to advance high-impact human trafficking prosecutions.

And let me just share some examples with you. Over the last year we have dismantled a large transnational organized crime enterprise that held Ukrainian victims in forced labor in Philadelphia. We have brought freedom and dignity to undocumented Central American women and convicted the traffickers who, with threats of violence and abuse, compelled them into forced labor and prostitution in restaurants and bars on Long Island in New York. We have restored freedom to undocumented Eastern European women and convicted the traffickers who brutally exploited them in massage parlors in Chicago and even branded them with tattoos to claim them as their own property. We have secured a life sentence against a gang member in the Eastern District of Virginia, just across the river here, for sex trafficking of victims as young as 12 years old.

By providing grant funding to our state and local law enforcement partners and to victims service organizations really across the country, the Justice Department is also supporting proactive efforts to stop traffickers and to help victims heal and to rebuild their lives.

And for the entire anti-trafficking community, we are continuing to provide training and technical assistance as well. And over the last year these efforts have included hosting three regional training forums that have focused on improving collaboration as well as the development of a training curriculum to help state prosecutors and state judges better understand human trafficking crimes. This is something that has to be done at the state and local level as well as at the federal level.

We’re also taking steps to forge and strengthen partnerships across international borders, understanding that this is not simply an American problem. And we have seen that this effort is really essential. Over the last year, by working with our Mexican law enforcement partners, we have dismantled sex trafficking networks that operate on both sides of the U.S.-Mexico border and have brought freedom to victims and secured really landmark convictions and substantial sentences against the traffickers in these high-impact bilateral cases. We’ve had good cooperation with our Mexican counterparts.

So I think we can all be encouraged by our recent achievements in the fight against human trafficking, but I think we would all agree that we have still more to do and that far too many people remain in desperate need for the help that we can provide. And that’s why I think that our joint efforts and our outstanding efforts really must continue. I am committed to this. The Justice Department is committed to this. This group that meets today is obviously committed to this. This Administration has identified this as a priority.

So I look forward to our discussions as to where we will go from here and how we can keep working in partnership to increase the impact of these very critical efforts. Thank you.

SECRETARY CLINTON: Thank you very much, Attorney General. Now I’d like to invite Secretary Hilda Solis to share the Labor Department’s update. And I want to thank Hilda for making this a high priority within the Labor Department.

SECRETARY SOLIS: Thank you very much, Madam Secretary, and also to our colleagues. I want to also congratulate President Obama and Valerie Jarrett for having this meeting convened here. This is a topic that obviously is very controversial and one that some of us in this room we know take very seriously and, of course, feel that we need to do as much as we can to make sure that every effort, especially at the Department of Labor, is focused in on combating this terrible error that occurs not just in our shores but also abroad.

I want to applaud President Obama. He’s been very clear in his vision for an America built to last, one where everyone has a fair shot at success and where everyone plays by the same rules. Our actions to end the exploitation of workers are critical to achieving that vision. That’s why the Department of Labor is here.

The Department of Labor’s efforts to combat human trafficking have been broad and varied and can be broken down into two – three main categories. The first is detection and law enforcement. Our investigators are on the front lines of trafficking, identifying potential cases and providing critical support such as translation services during investigations.

We’ve revamped the integrity and enforcement actions of our guest worker program to ensure a fair process for employers who use temporary foreign workers and to enforce protections for all of our workers. We’ve now announced new protocols to begin certifying new visas. That’s allowed us to help immigrant victims of trafficking assist in investigation of those crimes.

The second category involves transnational engagement and research. We’ve signed currently declarations with Mexico, Guatemala, Nicaragua, El Salvador, Costa Rica, and DR to ensure that foreign workers, often the most vulnerable, are informed of their labor rights here in the U.S. This is very important as well because, in many cases, folks come here thinking that there are no serious protections available to them, there is no one that’s going to listen to them, so it’s a course of trying to reeducate people over and over again that there are different laws here, and there is a responsibility and accountability process.

The funding that we have included in these programs includes technical assistance projects and research that we’re doing across the board on child and forced labor across the globe. And since 1995, the Department of Labor has been funding projects to combat the worst forms of child labor. And as a result, hundreds of thousands of children have been prevented from being trafficked.

The third and final category in our efforts to combat trafficking victims is services – services that must be provided, a full restitution for the labor that they have performed. So we are very excited to be working with our friends in Department of Justice and our other sister agencies on these issues. Alongside our agency partners, we’ve been proud to assist these victims by computing the back wages that they are rightfully owed. So that’s a big message, I think, to the overall community that it’s time to speak up and not be afraid to speak out.

Another critical part of helping trafficking victims is to make sure that they have the support they need to get back on their feet, so we’re proud to offer employment and training services to victims of severe forms of trafficking through our network of one-stop career centers so they can enter and get information and, hopefully, get on their feet again. And of course, we’re aiming to support workers.

We’re also aiming to support employers in helping us combat trafficking, so that’s another big part of our effort. Our enforcement officers are working both to ensure a level playing field of law-abiding businesses, because we don’t agree that unscrupulous businesses should get away with this crime, and to protect the rights of workers to deter unscrupulous employers that continue to exploit workers.

Looking ahead, we continue to remain committed to further these efforts. Soon, we’ll be providing awareness training to our national field staff so that even more prepared individuals will know about this issue. We’ll also be announcing a new joint declaration with the following – the Philippines, Ecuador, and Peru – to make sure that their vulnerable workers here in our country know of their rights and protections available.

Additionally, we’ll do more to engage with our stakeholders in this critical issue by hosting listening sessions, roundtables, and making sure that our fact sheets and reports are also equally translated in those various languages that are much needed as well.

Finally, I look forward to partnering with all of you in fulfilling the Promise campaign, which is critical to our collective action on the issue.

I want to thank everyone. I’m incredibly proud of the work that all of you and all of us have been able to accomplish under your leadership in this Administration. Thank you.

SECRETARY CLINTON: Thank you so much, Hilda, and let me now turn to Secretary Sebelius. Obviously the Department of Health and Human Services is an absolutely essential partner in everything we do.


SECRETARY SEBELIUS: Well, thank you, Secretary, for your leadership on this task force. And Valerie, I hope that you convey to the President how important we all think it is that he has provided the kind of vision and leadership that brings us all here today, because this collaborative effort is incredibly important.

On this issue, the Department of Health and Human Services is motivated by the collaboration across federal agencies to raise public awareness and make the most of our resources. And we’re especially motivated to continue the important role in reaching and helping human trafficking victims every day. So over the past year, we have really deployed a lot of assets to our regional offices, 10 of them around the country, who have expanded their efforts to develop staff capacity through multiple trainings and meetings to monitor and combat human trafficking. We substantially expanded our outreach efforts through the Rescue and Restore Victims of Human Trafficking campaign, which includes now an online posting of the Look Beneath the Surface training video that is both available in English and Spanish.

During the last fiscal year, we built on our anti-trafficking efforts by providing services and resources on human trafficking through the Runaway and Homeless Youth Training and Technical Assistance Center. Going forward, the President’s Fiscal Year 2013 budget includes a new $5 million proposal to award competitive grants focused on reducing the exploitation of children in the form of domestic sex trafficking. HHS also, as Secretary Clinton has referred, funds the National Human Trafficking Resource Center, which is a nationwide resource for potential victims and the public who may encounter a trafficking situation.

We maintain a national toll-free hotline that operates 24 hours a day, seven days a week, every day of the year. And last year, the hotline received over 16,000 calls, a 43 percent increase in the last fiscal year, which I think is both an indication of the depth of the problem, but also an indication that people now are aware that there’s someplace to go for help. Of this total, we have close to 800 cases resulting in direct report to law enforcement, which is a 51 percent increase, so that connecting the hotline with actual action on the ground, thanks to our partners in the Department of Justice, has been a really important initiative.

Through a recently established interdepartmental working group, HHS and other agencies are discussing better coordination of the federal anti-trafficking efforts when dealing with victims and attendant services training and technical assistance. And as a group, we’ve identified the need for two types of call lines – a central hotline for calls regarding victims and investigative tip lines. We’ve also agreed to explore additional opportunities to appropriately highlight and differentiate between the resource center and the investigation hotlines.

So I feel confident that our efforts at HHS, hand in hand with our federal partners here at the table, continue to move us closer to our ultimate goal of freedom for all by bringing an end to this inexcusable human rights abuse.

And again, thank you, Madam Secretary, for convening this critical meeting, for the report that you’re doing, and we look forward to continuing this critical work together.

SECRETARY CLINTON: Thank you very much, Kathleen.

Now let me turn to the Department of Homeland Security’s update. Certainly, DHS personnel are on the front lines not only here at home but literally around the world, and we greatly appreciate Secretary Napolitano’s leadership.

SECRETARY NAPOLITANO: And thank you, Secretary Clinton. I also appreciate the leadership you’ve shown on this issue and the leadership of the President. It’s a social issue, it’s an economic issue, it’s a law enforcement issue, it’s a moral issue, and I think that joins us all around the table. We have also been working through partnerships of various types under an umbrella we call the Blue Campaign at DHS. It is leading directly to more tips, more investigations, improved services for victims, and I think will help us serve our ultimate goal of finally getting some deterrence to this issue.

We have partnered with the Department of State to develop two online trainings, one for the federal acquisition workforce. Our contractors have a zero-tolerance clause built into every federal contract, so we’re now training them and also training for the general public. CBP has worked with the Department of Transportation to launch something called the Blue Lightning Initiative, teaching airline employees the signs of trafficking and how to notify law enforcement. We’re working with the firefighter and EMS communities to create training for first responders who may come into contact with victims, and we are in the process of putting the finishing touches on a one-week interdisciplinary training course at the Federal Law Enforcement Training Center, FLETC, which will bring together teams representing victim services, investigations, prosecutions, a first of its kind type of training in this area. And we expect it to be available no later than this summer.

We’ve worked to increase public awareness of human trafficking through targeted video messages and public service announcements, including CBP’s No Te Enganes campaign, Don’t Be Fooled, and ICE’s Hidden in Plain Sight campaign, which reached an estimated 5 million people.

We’ve worked to address and recognize the needs and unique challenges of trafficking victims. We have now put 39 specially trained human trafficking experts in each of our ICE field offices, and we’ve doubled the number of forensic interview specialists. CIS has developed a one-pager for law enforcement on options for victims, including the T and the U visa programs.

The efforts are succeeding. We are finding more investigations with a nexus to human trafficking. Last year, we initiated 722, we obtained 271 convictions. Eric, working with your folks, seized assets worth well over $2 million. We also have seen a steady increase in the number of reports to the tip line, up 69 percent between FY2010 and 2011, and I think looking at the ’12 numbers, there will be another record, unfortunately, in a way.

This year, we plan to do even more. We are requiring all of our contracting professionals to take training on combating trafficking in persons, and we have already trained 600 acquisition personnel on how to use that clause in the standard federal contract. We’re working to assure that age-appropriate care and services are provided to unaccompanied minor children encountered by us typically through the immigration system. We had a roundtable discussion here at the White House with retail, hotel, and airline industry leaders, and also with state, local, tribal, and territorial law enforcement agencies and associations discussing ways we could work together to raise awareness. We are continuing to deploy ideas from those sessions.

And we are expanding the reach and scope of our free, interactive computer-based training system for local law enforcement partners. We work extensively with Justice, with Labor on the ACT teams that the Attorney General referenced, because those teams, I think, hold great promise in actually dealing with this problem. So we will continue to listen, we will continue to work, and like everyone else around the table, we intend to, if anything, increase our commitment. Thank you.

SECRETARY CLINTON: Great. Thank you very much, Janet. Now let me turn to Cecilia Munoz, the assistant to the President and Domestic Policy Council Director.


MS. MUNOZ: Thank you very much, Madam Secretary. It’s a real honor to be part of this gathering today. This is obviously incredibly important work and it falls to me to talk a little bit about the work of the Domestic Policy Council on the domestic side of this issue.

As everyone in this room knows, two years ago, the President forcefully articulated his personal commitment to fighting modern slavery and human trafficking, described it as a shared responsibility. And as we’re hearing today, the – since the President made that commitment two years ago, we’ve been making progress through investigations and prosecutions, the victims assistance programs, we’ve been hearing about technical assistance for states and localities. I mean, it’s a good list and it’s a long list, but it doesn’t involve only the work of government. The conscience of the country was really awakened by the President’s remarks. And we have churches, we have businesses and communities across the country heeding the President’s call to action, finding ways to combat trafficking, and to serve those who have been victimized by it.

The Domestic Policy Council has partnered with many of you in this important work, and the President has really reiterated just this morning in a statement his commitment to these issues. He’s instructed his Cabinet, all of us, to find ways to strengthen the good work that we’re already doing, and to expand our partnerships with civil society and the private sector so that we can bring more resources to bear on this terrible problem.

As the President announced in his statement, in the coming weeks, the White House will build on this gathering on behalf of human dignity. This is an issue that the President understands the way that your agencies do – as a crime, as a violation of universal human rights – and it’s a policy priority on both the domestic and international fronts. We are committed to maximizing our efforts in every way possible, and we’re confident that working together, we can – collectively, we can strengthen the efforts of both the federal government and civil society in ending the scourge of modern slavery.

So our direction is clear. We intend to continue to work in partnership with all of you and your teams. The White House intends to redouble its efforts and build on this already strong record of accomplishment, and we’re going to reach out to our partners outside of government in the hope that, together, we can really make an unprecedented push to raise awareness and have further real and sustained results. We don’t have any illusions about this task being easy. If it – this were an easy issue with simple solutions, we wouldn’t need to be here having this gathering today. But we are persuaded that by working with each other effectively and working with our partners around the country and around the world, we can really bring positive change to this issue.

So we will be working with you to expand the resources, to leverage our efforts and our coordinated – coordinating capacity. And so I look forward to working with all of you to do that. I look forward to playing a role in helping lift up the work that you’re already doing and helping to coordinate it as strongly as possible. And we’re convinced that with this partnership within government and partnerships outside of government, we can make an enormous difference on this issue, and we’re honored to be part of it.

Thank you, Madam Secretary.

SECRETARY CLINTON: Thank you so much, Cecilia. Now I will turn to someone I work with practically every day on a wide variety of security issues around the world, and I’m delighted that he would be here for this meeting.

So, Assistant to the President, Deputy National Security Advisor Denis McDonough.

MR. MCDONOUGH: Madam Secretary, thank you very much, and allow me to join Cecilia in thanking all of your teams who we get to work with every day on this matter. Let me just take a minute too to highlight our team – Rob Berschinski, Quintan Wiktorowicz, and most especially, Samantha Power, who, on behalf of the National Security staff, have really made this a priority and have been working with your teams to push this through.

Human trafficking is just one of those topics that doesn’t make it in the paper every day. But I think what we see in this year’s report and in each of the reports that are coming from the agencies now is that the work that all the agencies are doing is actually having a very profound, life-changing impact on Americans and non-Americans, men, women, and children all around the world. So it’s something about which I think we should feel quite good, recognizing, of course, as everybody said, that there’s an awful lot of work to be done.

The fact is that the – when the United States Government, when our people, are understood to be an international leader on this issue, it speaks to something at the heart of the President’s National Security Strategy, which he put out in 2010 – one, that we’re strengthened by the power of our example, and that we’re strongest when we’re working to advance the dignity of individuals all around the world. So for us at the National Security staff, this is a national security issue.

It is – human trafficking is at the nexus of organized crimes, is a source for funding for international terrorist groups, is a source for funding for transnational criminal groups. It fundamentally endangers international security. And so while we’re trying to create an international economy in which everyone can choose and be paid for for their work, it, by lifting this up, will strengthen our ability to be a leader in the global marketplace as well.

Now I know Ash, Raj, and Maria have not had a chance to brief out their results yet, so I’m not going to steal their thunder. But I do want to highlight a couple of things that I see from my position in terms of coordinating the interagency’s work on this effort.

First, as I said above, when we lead by example, we’re standing as a model for other governments in how we train our people, hold them to the highest ethical standards when it comes to trafficking, and makes it able for us to walk the walk as well as talk the talk. As Raj will no doubt highlight, USAID has been at the forefront of this effort through the standards it’s applying to all its employees – contractors, subcontractors, and grantees. We recognize that across the government, there’s still an awful lot to do to improve on this in terms of procurement of goods and labor, and the President is demanding that we do more in exactly this area as the report pulls forward.

As Secretary Clinton said, being a model also means we’re willing to place ourselves to the same level of scrutiny that we’re applying to others, which is why he was so appreciative of the report including the United States on the list of countries that are graded in this and State’s annual Trafficking in Persons Report this year.

Second, let me emphasize that when it comes to trafficking, one thing that we do know is that we don’t know enough. In addition to what Cecilia has mentioned, in his statement today, the President spoke of trafficking as a form of exploitation that hides both in the dark corners of our world and in plain sight in our own towns and country – towns and cities. We know in certain areas we don’t have great data on the scope of the problem. And in terms of our programming, we may know what works and what doesn’t, but we’re still learning precise causal relationships. That’s why the President’s demanding that we keep the focus on learning and improving on our interventions.

Lastly, and perhaps most importantly, we would urge that on topics like our anti-trafficking work, we maintain laser-like focus on mainstreaming what we’re doing in all our day-to-day operations. Whether in your internal strategy development or in policy papers you bring to the interagency coordination arena, if the majority of your staff are diplomats, are development experts, are service members, see efforts to counter trafficking as a silo, as a job of only people in the Trafficking Office, rather than as a core component of their job then we will not have lifted this up the way the President, Secretary, all of you are demanding that we do.

So I’ll leave it at that. I’m looking forward to hearing more about the tremendous work that all of your teams have – are underway. And obviously, as each have highlighted, I think we’re here to be commended here – on the work done heretofore. And just to echo Cecilia on the President’s direction today, our team is looking forward to working with each of you and your teams on the months to come to build on all the good work that we already have in place.

So, Madam Secretary, thank you very much.

SECRETARY CLINTON: Thank you very much, Denis. We really appreciate that overview. Now let me turn to the director of National Intelligence, Lieutenant General Jim Clapper.

LIEUTENANT GENERAL CLAPPER: Thank you, Madam Secretary. And again, I join colleagues in praising you for – commending you for your leadership, and it’s an honor to be here. I thought I’d discuss very briefly the intelligence community’s role in combating transnational organized crime, and in particular, the understanding and combating trafficking in persons. My priority in this job is to integrate collection analysis across the intelligence community in line with policy-maker needs.

Now after last year’s meeting of this group, I rededicated some internal assets to stand up our own transnational organized crime team on my staff, and we never had — in the history of the DNI, never had a single office for that sort of focus. And in line with the theme of leveraging across the government, we’ve become very engaged with the State Department’s Trafficking in Persons Office, and are experiencing Lou’s zeal. (Laughter.)

I’ve only been active for a short time, but we are seeing an increase, however modest – and I anticipate this will gain momentum through our channels, and I just – I think this is the beginning. We expect bigger results in the future as we continue to strengthen partnerships with key NI human trafficking advocates. And as others have eluded on this issue, partnerships are absolutely crucial to success.

And just to underline a point that Denis just made — certainly we in the intelligence community recognize this –that trafficking in persons is a national security issue in addition to be a social, economic, and law enforcement issue. And so we’re committed to doing our part to defeat it.

Our efforts across the intelligence community to integrate collection analysis and work with state, local, and tribal law enforcement will improve our ability to combat this appalling crime, and we can and must do more.

In October, my team attended the Trafficking in Persons Reporting Conference hosted by the State Department, Miami; made sure that different agencies within the intelligence community attended. This was the first time the IC has ever integrated with the State Department on this mission of ensuring that trafficking in persons reporting is accurate.

In November, our team hosted our own transnational organized crime event at my headquarters via video teleconference, and it was a global thing throughout the IC to many interested members of the intelligence community. And this was, I think, part of my responsibility to ensure awareness within the intelligence community. And a special presentation by the State Department’s Trafficking in Persons team was the highlight – had a huge impact, feedback I got.

We also coordinate extensively to have attendees who represent the nations we refer to as our Five Eyes allies. Those are the commonwealth countries with whom we have the closest, most intimate intelligence relationships. So I refer specifically to the UK’s Serious Organized Crime Agency, the Royal Canadian Mounted Police, the Australian Federal Police, and the New Zealand Customs agency. We’re starting – we’re working towards the goal of a better understanding of the role that trafficking plays in persons in national instability, corruption, and crime around the globe. I think it’s our job to shine a light on those dark corners.

So I’ll just say that we are committed to this and we do recognize that it is a national security issue. Thank you, Madam Chairman.

SECRETARY CLINTON: Thanks so much, Jim. Now I’d like to invite Acting Director Zients to share OMB’s update. Jeff?

MR. ZIENTS: Thank you. Now given the fiscal situation – everybody knows that budgets are very tight, difficult budget environment; many agencies are experiencing actually lower budget. In this environment, it’s OMB’s job to make sure every dollar’s well spent and importantly, that the most important priorities of the Administration, of the President, are well funded, and that we allocate dollars accordingly. Preventing human trafficking is a clear priority for the President and the Administration, so we are committed to working with each agency to make sure that we have the appropriate resources to fund these important efforts. I think we have good working relationships with each agency and your teams, but we will make sure that adequate resources are allocated to these efforts. We also stand ready to help – in any way to help manage cross-agency processes to ensure that we continue to make significant progress. Thank you.

SECRETARY CLINTON: Thank you very much. We like hearing that. (Laughter.) I hope everybody really (inaudible.)

PARTICIPANT: It was the shortest —

SECRETARY CLINTON: Yeah. We should meet at the White House more often. (Laughter.) Now let me turn to Deputy Secretary Ash Carter to give the Department of Defense’s update.

DEPUTY SECRETARY CARTER: Thank you, Secretary Clinton. The President’s determination to combat trafficking is reflected in each of the three ways that we, the Department of Defense, touch this problem. Namely, through our own people, uniformed and civilian and their conduct. Second, through our contractors. And the third, in our foreign military training programs. So let me just take each of those in turn.

First of all, for our own folks, both uniformed and civilian, they are required to receive training. I’ve reviewed the curriculum. It’s very good, it’s incisive. It basically has two parts: Don’t do it and learn to recognize it. So let me take the don’t do it part first.

The don’t do it part – you may not know this, I was a little surprised myself, but it has only been recently that patronizing a prostitute became an offense under the Uniform Code of Military Justice. It is, and that’s something that we need to begin to and continue and increase our enforcement of that provision. Because in the neighborhood around bases here or abroad, obviously, there’s an opportunity for that. So don’t do it.

And the second part of the training is recognize it. And that – for that, it’s part of the annual training. We also have public service announcements on Armed Forces Network and that kind of thing. If you’re in a gym somewhere around the world or in Afghanistan, you’ll frequently see them to increase awareness and to give the tell-tale signs of it to our people. We do some specific things regionally in PACOM, USFK — U.S. Forces Korea — where we’ve had – historically had an issue there. So wherever we detect it, we try to follow up. And there have been some cases recently, which we have aggressively followed up in the law enforcement sense.

Contractors. You know that for every soldier, sailor, airman, and marine deployed, there’s at least one contractor that ends up in theater at the same time. They’re all employed by us. Secretary Napolitano already made it clear. It’s part of the Federal Acquisition Regulation and it’s Defense Federal Acquisition Supplement that contracts are to have a provision forbidding trafficking as in any connection with the country. Now, it’s one thing to write it into the contract and you say, “How do you make sure you get it done?” We’re going to make it training for the contractors mandatory, even as it is for our own people, civilian and military – number one.

Number two, contracting officer representatives, a COR. What is a COR? COR is the person who makes sure that the contract is executed. So there’s somebody who follows around the contractor and makes sure it gets done. Those people are now trained, which they didn’t used to be, in recognizing trafficking. So they can see if an association with one of our contracting activities – this has gone on, very important. And we have our inspector general now tracking to make sure that those contract clauses are all there and the contracting officer representatives are, in fact, monitoring compliance with those. Very important, because contractors is a huge part of what we do.

Last piece is our foreign military training engagements. All of our programs, be they 1206, be they IMET, JSET, our training of UN peacekeepers and so forth, it is a required part of that curriculum. If we offer it as a department to another military that it include training for those foreign military members in trafficking, both don’t do it and recognize it. So for example, just to give you one example, in the Democratic Republic of Congo, AFRICOM, our African Command, works through DIILS – the Defense Institute for International Legal Studies – maybe some of you may be familiar with – to train justice professionals in the prosecution of trafficking crimes and Congolese military commanders in how to prevent their troops from engaging in this. It’s very important in all of our training. So those are our training activities.

So in those three arenas where we might touch this problem and do touch this problem, we’re trying to make sure that we’re reflecting the President’s fight.

SECRETARY CLINTON: Thanks very much, Ash. Now, Deputy Secretary Porcari, would you please report from the Department of Transportation?

DEPUTY SECRETARY PORCARI: Thank you, Secretary Clinton, and we appreciate your leadership on this. And Valerie, we very much appreciate the clear and consistent direction the President has given us on this. It’s energized all of us.

We want to make sure, first and foremost, that the transportation system is not inadvertently an enabler of human trafficking. We’re very committed across land, sea, and air to making sure that’s not the case. Marlise Streitmatter, our deputy chief of staff, has been our lead person on this and will continue to be, but we’re using all of our resources across borders and agencies to make sure that we can positively impact this problem.

For example, working with Secretary Napolitano in Customs and Border Protection, the Blue Lightning Initiative provides an in-flight procedure to report human trafficking events, law enforcement, as well as awareness for the flight crews. We’ve gotten very positive response from our airlines on this; they’re very interested in moving forward on this. Likewise, on the highways, we want to make sure they’re free of human trafficking. If a commercial truck or bus driver commits a felony, we can take them off the road – and obviously, human trafficking is a felony. This gives us an opportunity to remove the bad actors.

We’re also pursuing opportunities with Amtrak and the motor coach industry to develop a public awareness campaign and specialized training for our inspectors that are out in the field all across the country to recognize the warning signs of human trafficking. We’re also collaborating with our Mexican and Canadian partners to increase awareness, and we look forward to expanding on those partnerships.

There are also some less conventional partnerships that can be very effective. Working, for example, with our local and state departments of motor vehicles, as well as truck stops, to build public awareness, and give people that are literally on the front lines of this fight the tools to recognize and report suspicious activities.

And finally, this really starts at home, and we’re working internally within our Department of Transportation, across all the transportation modes, to make sure that we educate our team on identifying human trafficking, and we’re building, essentially, on the DHS program that’s out there.

So we’re dedicated to moving forward with this. This is an unconscionable and unacceptable activity, and we are looking forward on building the – on the progress to date. Thank you.

SECRETARY CLINTON: Thank you very much. Now I’d like to invite from the State Department, Under Secretary of State for Civilian Security, Democracy, and Human Rights, Maria Otero, to go into a little more detail about what we’re doing at the State Department.

UNDER SECRETARY OTERO: Thank you very much, Madam Secretary. And I also want to express appreciation for the leadership that our President is giving us on this issue, and Valerie, convening us here, and of course, express the importance for us to be able to work with every department across the board under the commitment and leadership of Secretary Clinton, who has really enabled our Department to push forward in this area.

Over the last year, the TIP Office, under the leadership of Ambassador CdeBaca, but working in partnership with our regional bureaus and with all of the other colleagues across the Department, we’ve made advances in several areas that I think are important to highlight in addressing the State Department’s response to modern slavery. And let me just touch on a couple of them, as Secretary Clinton has also talked about some of them.

First, the Department – as other departments have stated here – is in the process of developing a training program that is going to be applicable for all of our direct hires. And this is with the purpose of helping all of our employees understand the nature of this crime better. And not only be able to understand it but to be able to recognize it when it happens and to be able to see the warning signs before it is happening and also take action if that is necessary. So this is in the process of being developed, and we anticipate through it that the degree of understanding of this issue will increase by all of those that are working at the Department.

Second, Secretary Clinton, last year at this task force, announced the establishment of a new trafficking investigation unit that would be set up by our Diplomatic Security Bureau. And I’m very pleased to say that, indeed, that was not only set up, but that in fact it has been operating this last year. And it is very exciting that it has already carried out a number of investigations that have led to indictments. And that for us is a real sign of being able to move this forward. The unit’s Victims’ Resource Advocacy Program is also equipped to fully support the victims themselves that are discovered in the course of any of these investigations. So we are applauding our Diplomatic Security Bureau for how quickly they’ve put together this team, and not only set forth its parameters, but also how its work is already showing results.

Third, we’re working to protect the visa holders who come to the United States as domestic servants of diplomats. Thanks to the works of one of our working groups, which is headed by our chief of protocol, we are working closely with the diplomatic community to raise their awareness of this issue and to make sure the diplomats that bring domestic workers to the United States now follow a set of requirements that are in place that will prevent those workers from being abused.

Finally – and Secretary Clinton mentioned this briefly – the TIP Office has partnered with an NGO to develop a tool that allows anybody and everybody to go online, to take a survey, and then to see how many victims of human trafficking it takes to sustain their lifestyle. This is called the Slavery Footprint, and it is the kind of innovation that is helping create change and also create awareness not only of the existence of this crime but also of the challenges that we face in addressing it, and it is bringing people to this issue.

We know that more than three million people from more than 200 countries have logged on to this site, and we’re confident that tools such as this one are going to be some that are going to help make a difference in engaging those around the world in addressing this issue in the years ahead. Thank you.

SECRETARY CLINTON: Thank you, Maria. Since we are being broadcast here, perhaps, Lou, you could give the website for the Slavery Footprint, because it’s had a remarkable impact, and we want to encourage everybody everywhere to sign on.

AMBASSADOR CDEBACA: Certainly. Thank you, Madam Secretary. It’s pretty intuitive. It’s the slaveryfootprint.org – not dot com – slaveryfootprint.org.

SECRETARY CLINTON: Right. So we invite everyone to log on.

Now let me turn to Dr. Raj Shah, the USAID administrator, who is such a great partner in this and so much of the work that we do.

ADMINISTRATOR SHAH: Thank you, Madam Secretary, for your focus and direction on these issues, and to President Obama for elevating the attention and the resources that we will hope to invest against results in this space.

In the past year, our agency has made significant progress trying to live up to commitments we’ve made around this table for each of the past two years as part of this task force. We are implementing a more results-oriented approach to counter-trafficking efforts around the world, which starts, as Denis mentioned, with the adoption of a strict, new code of conduct for ourselves, our partners abroad, our contractors, and in particular, our security contractors that often operate in high-risk conflict environments. The code of conduct, much as Ash Carter described, will make sure that more people serve as eyes and ears in the search for those at risk or those enslaved. And we have intensified procurement actions and implementation of that code of conduct so that those terms are written into our contracts and enforced through our contracts’ officers and reviewers.

We’ve also launched a new counter-trafficking policy developed in close partnership with many agencies represented around the table. This policy requires every USAID mission in a high-risk country to conduct baseline surveys on trafficking and develop clear metrics to assess progress against prevention for our efforts and efforts of others in the international community. It also directs us to create more multi-country databases so victims can be tracked across countries and supported in their efforts as they – as that is such a critical barrier, having that data be accessible in a number of different environments. And it prioritizes investments in technologies, like mapping platforms, mobile applications, and other innovations.

We also believe that the – one of the challenges is getting the word out and making sure that people who are in a difficult situation have the capacity to seek help. In that effort, we have expanded a highly successful partnership with MTV EXIT into Russia for the very first time, but it is a global program that has had some real successes, especially in Asia. Through the partnership with MTV EXIT, they have created public service advertisements, music videos, and other efforts to create awareness about trafficking and provide hotlines so that people can access resources to fight back. We believe it has reached more than 300 million households in Asia over the last seven years.

And just to share one story that we heard about just a few weeks ago, that for more than three years a young Cambodian boy and his three friends had been essentially enslaved on a Thai fishing boat. Just a few weeks ago, their boat docked at a port in Thailand, and they happened to see on television one of the MTV EXIT advertisements about trafficking. The video flashed a free hotline number in both Thai and Cambodian so the kids could read it and respond. They did. Immigration authorities responded immediately, and they were freed. We seek many, many more stories like this and believe our expanded efforts are helping to get us there.

We also know, as the President mentioned in his statement today, that we want to work more effectively with partners throughout our own country in the private sector, on universities and campuses, and in faith-based communities. I recently visited Bethel University, a Christian college outside of Minneapolis, and I met with about 100 students the day after we had released our counter-trafficking policy, actually, in this room. And sometimes it takes in the federal government – as everyone here knows – some time for these policies to be read by our teams and really inform changes and action and behavior. I know we all address that. Every one of the 100 kids that I met with had already read our policy online, and they had ideas, they had things they wanted to contribute.

So today, we’re thrilled to announce that we will launch a college – a campus challenge to combat trafficking, and we’ll seek to partner with the most innovative, creative ideas in the realm of prevention and protection. And we’ll match our campus challenge champions, the winners of our awards, with our missions in the field, so students have access to many of our partners who are on the frontlines of trying to help victims or help communities that are in high risk. We look forward to working with the next generation of American students to craft the next generation of solutions to this critical challenge.

And thank you for the chance to be here.

SECRETARY CLINTON: Thank you so much, Raj. That’s very exciting news. Let me now ask Deputy Director Sean Joyce of the FBI to share the FBI’s update.

MR. JOYCE: Thank you, Madam Secretary. And thank you to the White House for hosting this event today. And I’d like to take this opportunity to thank all the people on the street that work this issue each and every day and many of the folks in this room in some of the chairs behind us that work tirelessly every day on some of the policy issues regarding this issue.
The FBI continues its commitment to fighting human trafficking and child exploitation in coordination with our federal, state, and local partners. Over the last year, we’ve increased our resources approximately 66 percent dedicated to this issue, especially against instances of coerced or forced adult labor, in addition to our agency placing a tremendous significance on ensuring child victims are safe, secure, and away from those who would prey on their innocence.

I can tell you I’ve been personally involved in rescuing some child victims, and as a father and a special agent, it is both emotional and rewarding, but devastating for the victims. The FBI recognizes these investigations require specialized resources, and thus we commit 80 victim specialists from our Office of Victim Assistance to our human trafficking efforts. To facilitate our fight against human trafficking and child exploitation, we participate in 77 task forces in 47 working groups across the country.

One highlight is our Innocent Lost National Initiative we started in 2003. This initiative addresses the tragic challenge of children recruited into prostitution. It is supported by the Department of Justice, Child Exploitation/Obscenity Section, and the National Center for Missing and Exploited Children. To date, the initiative has resulted in 1,961 children being rescued. There have been nearly 1,500 investigations initiated, resulting in 927 convictions, to include seven life sentences and several ranging in length from 25 to 45 years.

Recognizing this is also an international problem. The FBI continues to build capacity through a number of training efforts, and in conjunction with our partners in the Department of State, we recently administered a two-week human trafficking course for law enforcement officials from El Salvador, Guatemala, Nicaragua, and Panama. The FBI looks forward to the continued collaboration with our law enforcement partners, both at home and abroad, to ensure that child exploitation and/or forced or coerced adult labor is met with swift justice.

Thank you, Madam Secretary, for this opportunity.

SECRETARY CLINTON: Thank you very much, Deputy Director and Special Agent. That was a very stirring rendition of the great work you’re doing, and I appreciate it.

Let me now turn to Assistant Secretary Russlynn Ali to share the Department of Education’s update.

ASSISTANT SECRETARY ALI: Thank you, Madam Secretary, Ms. Jarrett, and to all of you for your commitment on this issue. Secretary Duncan shares in that commitment and this sense of urgency.

Over the past year, we have set about using all of the tools within our disposal to really launch an awareness through – prevention through awareness efforts in our schools, through technical assistance and supports and training for educators that need it so that they can spot the warning signals. We know that these signals, whether they be absenteeism or signs of abuse or behavioral problems, they prevent children from learning. They not only affect the victim and those at prey of traffickers but the entire school community. And schools have a responsibility and need help and support.

So it is about identifying where those problem areas exist, working with so many of you to target our solutions and our efforts, to answer the calls of educators and school districts around the country that are dealing with these problems in ways that they have never before, helping them with language and talking to school-age children about very difficult and grown-up issues. And how they do that with sincerity and the education they need to help their children be safe is something that is hugely important as well.

We are also doing the kind of technical assistance through web-based tools on what services are available, what supports are available. We’ve brought together, just last summer, over 2,000 educators to deal with issues of climate and safety in their schools writ large and highlighted and focused on issues of trafficking and ways to help. Finding those places that are also doing great things to eradicate trafficking where in exist – a school district in San Diego, for example, Grossmont Union High School, we’ve worked with them to create a training video, which we will disseminate to all school districts that need it as we find those places that are eradicating this and work to take their lessons to scale.

We’ve also worked closely with the Office of Violence Against Women, our colleagues at the Department of Justice, and elsewhere to ensure that we bring best practices to bear and outreach with as many groups as possible and interested on this issue. In the future, we will continue to work with our sister agencies in finding the places that need the help most, understanding the data better, learning about those solutions and bringing them to scale.

We look forward to sharing those tools, like the Slavery Footprint, to working with Raj and others on things like the campus challenge while we do climate checks and climate schools in our schools, making sure that we hear from students themselves on both problems and solutions, and working with our colleagues and our school resource officers and our colleagues in the Department of Homeland Security on training for law enforcement officers on how they, too, can help change the school environment. We will use all of the tools in our disposal to help you and help our schools deal with this tragic problem. Thank you.

SECRETARY CLINTON: Thank you very much. And now let me invite our final speaker, U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission Chair Jacqueline Berrien.

MS. BERRIEN: Thank you so much to President Obama for his leadership and commitment to end human trafficking, and thank you, Secretary Clinton, for your leadership and the opportunity to participate in this very important discussion.

On behalf of the United States Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, I am privileged to report on the EEOC’s work to identify and remedy the trafficking of workers. EEOC staff across the country work diligently to protect one of the most fundamental human and civil rights – the right to work without being harassed, intimidated, or mistreated on account of race, color, religion, national origin, sex, age, or disability. The EEOC plays an important role in helping to make victims of trafficking whole. We seek and obtain civil remedies, such as back pay and monetary relief, for the harm caused by employment discrimination as well as punitive damages and equitable relief to deter and prevent future discriminatory conduct.

Since the last meeting of this task force, EEOC has worked with enforcement partners at the federal, state, and local levels to improve outreach to vulnerable populations, including victims of trafficking. For example, we trained representatives from state and local fair employment practice agencies to identify and remedy trafficking. EEOC also certified new visas last year to ensure that victims of sex harassment and other discriminatory treatment at work could participate fully in related law enforcement efforts without fear of deportation.

Building on the successful resolution of anti-trafficking cases against J.J. Pickle and Trans Bay Steel, the EEOC is challenging discriminatory working conditions and terms of employment in two recently filed cases. In one case, the EEOC alleges that more than 200 Thai men were subjected to a pattern or practice of national origin and race discrimination, harassment, abuse, and retaliation on farms in Hawaii and Washington. The second case alleges that hundreds of Indian employees were recruited to work as welders, pipe fitters, and ship fitters in Mississippi and Texas, but after arriving in the United States as guest workers, they were subjected to abuse based on their national origin and race and encountered other forms of discriminatory treatment, including segregated and substandard housing. Both of these cases are pending now, and we’re seeking not only relief for the affected workers, but also injunctive relief to prevent future occurrences.

Last January, the commission conducted a public meeting on human trafficking, and with the insights provided by Ambassador CdeBaca and other witnesses, we have redoubled our efforts to identify and remedy trafficking. In the past year, my colleague, Commissioner Stuart Ishimaru, launched the EEOC’s immigrant worker team to improve the commission’s outreach to immigrant workers, strengthen enforcement of laws prohibiting national origin discrimination, and increased collaboration with other agencies addressing human trafficking and related issues affecting immigrant workers. The immigrant worker team of the EEOC will continue to address these issues in 2012.

Once again, thank you for convening us, Madam Secretary. My EEOC colleagues and I look forward to continuing to work with all of the members of this task force towards the goal of ending the scourge of human trafficking.

SECRETARY CLINTON: Thank you so much. And again, thanks to everyone, not just for being here today for this meeting, but for the work that everyone has done since our last meeting. I think it does help to focus our attention that we do have an annual meeting where we come together and share the results of our efforts. I think it’s especially meaningful to be meeting here in the White House, because, after all, this is a national priority, it’s a priority of the President’s, and we do have to do more to reach out to have partnerships with the private sector, with NGOs, state governments, local governments, and the like.

So again, Valerie, thank you for hosting us, and we appreciate the emphasis that the White House has put on this program.

MS. JARRETT: Thank you. Thank you all for being here.



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Interview With Jim Clancy of CNN International’s Freedom Project


Hillary Rodham Clinton
Secretary of State
Washington, DC
June 27, 2011

QUESTION: Protection, partnership, all of those things are really important, but Hillary Clinton, you bring action to this. How and what – how do you get others to share?SECRETARY CLINTON: Well, Jim, I have been caring about and working on this now for longer than a decade, and the passion is there because it’s such a violation of human rights and human dignity. To see men, women, and children forced into bondage, slavery, in the 21st century is just absolutely unforgettable and unforgivable. So we do take seriously the mission that the United States, along with many international partners, has undertaken, which is to prevent and to prosecute and to do everything we can in our efforts to stop modern-day slavery. And that means we have to have partnerships, which is very important, and we have to protect those who are at risk and those who are put into it. So we went from three Ps to four Ps, but passion underlies all of them.QUESTION: When the United States took it upon itself through the Trafficking Victims Protection Act to do a report like this, when it also set itself up for criticism by those who would say, “This is politicized,” how tough do you see this year’s report in comparison to others?

SECRETARY CLINTON: It’s both tough and it’s encouraging, because on the one hand, when we started, we couldn’t even get this issue on agendas with other countries. I remember back in the late 90s, as First Lady, raising this issue in a number of countries, and I was really just politely dismissed. It was not something they wanted to talk about; they weren’t going to do anything about it; they viewed it as cultural, not criminal. And it only has been in the last several years that we have seen in – I would argue, in some measure, because of the U.S. report – that countries take it seriously, and that we have made common cause with activists at the grassroots level in so many countries who use this report to push their own governments for greater commitment.

QUESTION: Some governments like Saudi Arabia remain right on the bottom. Kuwait this year went down to Tier 3. When you look at that – how do you engage diplomatically to tell people who won’t even recognize that they have a problem, how do you engage them to make a change, a real change, not just passing a law?

SECRETARY CLINTON: Well, I think we have to look at the progress that we’ve made. Yes, there are countries that have not done, by any means, enough to even be taken seriously in addressing this. But there are many others who not only did pass laws, but have begun to put resources behind the implementation of those laws. So what we have is an international snapshot. There are some countries that are going up because what they have done is worthy of that, and there are some countries that are going down because they have backslid and maybe they’ve had a change in administration or they’ve just decided it’s not a priority for them. And then there are countries that are not making progress one way or the other.

We try to use this report to encourage change. I mean, the report in and of itself is a tool. It’s not an end in itself. It’s not some kind of giant report card and then we put it away and then dust it off and upgrade it the next year. All through the year, what we’re trying to do is to work with countries that are willing to take some action. We’re trying to work with advocates so that they know they’re not alone. And we’re trying to shine a very bright light on people everywhere who are still unwilling to admit that 27 million enslaved people is a rebuke to everyone everywhere; it’s not just a Western phenomena. I think human rights are universal rights, and therefore, we have to keep working with these countries and encouraging them, and frankly, naming and shaming to some extent to get them to change.

QUESTION: Does naming and shaming – do you think it works?

SECRETARY CLINTON: Yes. It does work. I mean, there —

QUESTION: But some countries are down on the bottom, Tier 3, every year.

SECRETARY CLINTON: Well, we can look at the glass as half empty or half full, and that’s true that some countries are on the bottom, but other —

QUESTION: Are we pushing them hard enough or is this something where, “They’re our friends, we don’t want to push too hard?”

SECRETARY CLINTON: Well, we push pretty hard. I mean, it’s pretty hard to turn your eyes away from a report that is on the internet and that everybody can access. But I also like to look at the countries that have made a lot of progress. Look at what the Philippines have done in a change of administration. The Philippines probably export more people of their citizenry than nearly any other country in the world. They go all over the world to work in many different settings. And until the new administration of President Aquino, we didn’t really have the level of commitment we were seeking. We do now, and we see a sea change of difference.

So what we are looking at is, yes, those countries that are not moving, we’re going to keep pushing, we’re going to offer technical assistance, we’re going to keep raising it, it’s not going away, they can’t ignore it and thereby be left alone. And then we’re going to keep working with countries that are showing that they want to make a difference and do better.

QUESTION: One thing that has changed is that the U.S. is coming under a spotlight. The U.S. has said if: We have a problem, we admit it. But when you look at the War on Drugs or the War on Terror, there is no commensurate war on human trafficking in this country, a country with a hundred thousand young girls out on the streets, could become victims of human traffickers right here in this country – the funding isn’t there.

SECRETARY CLINTON: Jim, I don’t accept the premise of that. I think that part of the reason why I wanted to include ourselves in this report is that, I think, we’re stronger diplomatically if we can say to countries, look, we’re taking a hard look at ourselves. Now, we have done so much in the last 10-plus years, and a lot of what we do is at the local and state level, not just at the federal level. So if you look at all of the resources, from DA offices and police stations to judges who have been trained and really sensitized, all the way across our country we are making enormous progress off a very high base to begin with.

One of the first things I ever did that had anything to do with politics was as a young intern when I was in law school working on forced labor in our migratory labor in fields in our country, where people were basically enslaved. They were given contracts that they would never be able to fulfill and they were kept in, really, substandard housing, denied all kinds of services, and this was nearly 40 years ago. And there’s just no difference; it’s night and day. Our country has done so much. It is a national priority.

Once a year, I hold a meeting where our entire government comes together, from the Defense Department to the Justice Department to the Labor Department, and we do a tough review on what we’ve done and what we can do better. But what we have accomplished is really extraordinary. Is it a problem that we have overcome? No, but nowhere in the world has, but we set a very high standard and I’m proud of the work that our country is doing.

QUESTION: I want to shift gears and just ask you a question about Libya, Muammar Qadhafi, and the International Criminal Court: Is it such a good idea to have a public indictment of a man that you’re trying to force from power, or is it only going to make him dig in his heels even more – to fight his own people, to take their lives to an even greater degree?

SECRETARY CLINTON: Well, Jim, that’s a judgment call. The international community at the United Nations included a referral to the International Criminal Court because of the credible evidence of behaviors that were deeply disturbing. He’s dug in pretty hard, and we, along with our international partners have made it very clear that he needs to leave power, and he also needs to stop the assault on his own people. But part of what the International Criminal Court has done is to take credible evidence and pull it all together. And it tells a fairly horrifying story about what he and his close associates, including family members, have been willing to do to stay in power, someone who’s been in power for more than 40 years, who cannot give it up, and who has so undermined the institutions of a country that has so much potential. So you can argue it round, you can argue square, you can say maybe we should have or maybe we shouldn’t have. But it was included in part of the international response to what we saw as a very direct threat to the lives of civilians in Libya.

QUESTION: Secretary of State Hillary Clinton, thank you very much for giving us the time.


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Remarks at TIPR 2011, posted with vodpod

Remarks on the Release of the 2011 Trafficking in Persons Report


Hillary Rodham Clinton
Secretary of State
Benjamin Franklin Room
Washington, DC
June 27, 2011

SECRETARY CLINTON: (Applause.) Thank you. Thank you all very much. Thank you. Thank you all, and good afternoon and welcome to the State Department. It is truly wonderful to see the Ben Franklin Room packed as it is today. I especially want to welcome all the ambassadors who are here. I know many of you and I’m delighted that you could join us for this important event.I want to thank Under Secretary Maria Otero for her leadership on this and so many of the global, transnational, cross-cutting issues that she is responsible for. And I think you certainly got a small taste of the passion and conviction that Ambassador Lou CdeBaca brings to this work. He is tireless and he, with his wonderful team, are working around the clock and around the world to heal wounds and to save lives, and I’m very grateful to Lou for his leadership and deep, deep commitment.

And because human trafficking unfortunately hurts women and girls disproportionately, Lou has worked closely for over a decade with Melanne Verveer, our Ambassador-at-Large for Global Women’s Issues. This is a natural partnership because trafficking isn’t just a problem of human bondage; it fuels the epidemic of gender-based violence in so many places – here in our country and around the world. So I thank our team at the State Department that has done so much to continue this work, and to make sure that we not only issue a report, which as Lou said, is just one part of the work. The report itself is a tool, and what we’re most interested in is working with countries around the world and working across our own government to get results. The decade of delivery is upon us.

And I know it’s not just our State Department and not just our Congress, but many of you in this room, many of you from other governments who have taken on this issue, many of you from the NGO community that have been on the frontlines standing up for millions of victims. Last year, I visited in Cambodia a place of healing and support, a shelter for survivors. I met with dozens of girls, most of them very young, who had been sexually exploited and abused. They had been given refuge at the shelter and they were learning valuable skills to help them reenter society. These girls wanted the same thing that every child wants – the opportunity to live, to learn, a safe place, people who cared about them. And not too long ago, a shelter like this would not have been available. The idea of trafficking in persons was as old as time. And it wasn’t particularly high on the list of important international issues. And certainly, speaking for my country until relatively recently, we were not investing the resources or raising the visibility of these issues, of these stories, of these young girls. There were so many attractive children at that shelter; lots of liveliness. There were some very withdrawn and set apart from the others.

And there was one little girl who had the biggest grin on her face, and then when I looked into that face, I saw that one of her eyes was badly disfigured. She had glasses on. And I asked one of the women running the shelters, I said, “What happened to her?” And she said, “Well, when she was sold into a brothel, she was even younger than she is now, and she basically fought back to protect herself against what was expected. So the brothel owner stabbed her in the eye with a large nail.” And there was this child whose spirit did not look as though it had been broken, who was determined to interact with people, but whose life had only been saved because of a concerted effort to rescue girls like her from the slavery they were experiencing.

The world began to change a little over 10 years ago, and certainly, I’m grateful for the work that my country has done, but I’m also very grateful for the work that so many of our partners have done as well. When my husband signed the Trafficking Victims Protection Act, we did have tools – we had tools to bring traffickers to justice and tools to provide victims with legal services and other support. Today, police officers, activists, and governments are coordinating their efforts so much more effectively. Thousands of victims have been liberated around the world, and thanks to special temporary visas, many of them are able to come to our country to have protection to testify against their perpetrators.

Every year, we come together to release this report, to take stock of our progress, to make suggestions, and to refine our methods. Today, we are releasing a new report that ranks 184 countries, including our own. One of the innovations when I became Secretary was we were going to also analyze and rank ourselves, because I don’t think it’s fair for us to rank others if we don’t look hard at who we are and what we’re doing. This report is the product of a collaborative process that involves ambassadors and embassies and NGOs as well as our team here in Washington. And it really does give us a snapshot about what’s happening. It shows us where political will and political leadership are making a difference.

Take the case of Bangladesh, for example: The minister of home affairs and joint secretary have drafted progressive legislation that promises to confront the traffickers behind thousands of Bangladeshi migrants to the Middle East and North Africa. Or the United Arab Emirates, where leaders are advancing initiatives to improve protections for migrant workers in the Gulf region. Or the case of Taiwan, where the director of immigration has taken steps to ensure that victims of trafficking are identified, provided immigration relief and work permits, and have the opportunity to recover from their ordeals.

Now, these achievements and so many more, which we highlight in the report, are certainly worthy of the recognition that they are given, but we all have to do more. Unfortunately, because of the ease of transportation and the global communications that can reach deep into villages with promises and pictures of what a better life might be, we now see that more human beings are exploited than before. There are as many as 27 million men, women, and children.

And governments have taken important steps, but we have to really mix the commitments with actions in order to get results. For example, the number of prosecutions worldwide has remained relatively static. And so the measure of success can no longer be whether a country has passed laws, because so many have in the last decade; now we have to make sure that laws are implemented and that countries are using the tools that have been created for that. And governments should work more closely with the private sector and use new supply chain monitoring techniques to let consumers know if their goods and services come from slavery-free, responsible sources. In partnership with the NGO community, we have to develop new mechanisms for shielding potential victims and bringing more perpetrators to justice.

Now it’s only fair that countries know why they have a certain ranking, and that we, then, take on the responsibility of working with countries to respond. So we are issuing concrete recommendations and providing technical assistance. This week, U.S. diplomats around the world will be meeting with their host country governments to review action plans and provide recommendations when needed. And I’m instructing our embassies and the trafficking office to intensify partnerships in the coming months so that every country that wishes to can improve its standing.

So while this report is encouraging more countries to come to the table, none of us can afford to be satisfied. Just because a so-called developed country has well-established rules, laws, and a strong criminal justice system, does not mean that any of us are doing everything we can. Even in these tight economic times, we need to look for creative ways to do better. And this goes for the United States, because we are shining a light on ourselves and we intend to do more in order to make our own situation better and help those who are interested in doing the same.

Our TIP – our TIP heroes today show us that individual action can lead to some astounding results. For example, in Singapore, Bridget Lew Tan has dedicated her life to protecting migrant workers. And Singapore, albeit a small country, has more than 800,000 immigrants. And she has been volunteering with a local archdiocese. And while there, she met 30 Bangladeshi men assembled behind a coffee shop in the middle of the night, and she helped to set up shelters – one for men and one for women – to provide refuge to migrant workers who had been abused.

Or take Mexico, where Mexico City Attorney General’s Office Deputy Prosecutor Dilcya Garcia tried a case in 2009 that resulted in the first trafficking sentence in Mexico. Since then, she has developed indictments against more than 100 alleged traffickers, and forged partnerships to provide comprehensive victim protection services.

Stories like these and the others you will hear about our TIP heroes give us hope, because they inspire us, but also tell us very practically what we can do to make a difference. And the story of all the victims really is one that should motivate all of us. And when we hear the stories of the TIP heroes, we know that it’s not hopeless, we know that it is not overwhelming, we know that person by person, we can make a difference.

I think a lot about that little girl that I met who finally was rescued. I don’t know what will happen in her life in the future. But many of the adult women who were working there themselves had been rescued, and now they were passing on to the next generation the support that they themselves had received. And the children that I met with, when I asked them, “What do you want to do when you grow up,” they wanted to do what children everywhere want to do – they wanted to be a teacher, they wanted to be mothers, they wanted to be the best that they could be. And that’s what we want for all of the world’s children.

So I am honored to be here with you. I thank all the countries who are here today. I thank all the leaders around the world who recognize that we can make progress by working together to end modern day slavery. And I particularly thank our heroes who have showed us it is possible despite the odds.

Thank you all very much. (Applause.)

Trafficking in Persons Report 2011


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“Every year, we come together to release this report, to take stock of our progress, to make suggestions, and to refine our methods. Today, we are releasing a new report that ranks 184 countries, including our own. One of the innovations when I became Secretary was we were going to also analyze and rank ourselves, because I don’t think it’s fair for us to rank others if we don’t look hard at who we are and what we’re doing. This report is the product of a collaborative process that involves ambassadors and embassies and NGOs as well as our team here in Washington. And it really does give us a snapshot about what’s happening. It shows us where political will and political leadership are making a difference.” — Secretary Clinton

The Report

The report is available in HTML format (below) and in PDF format. Due to its large size, the PDF has been separated into sections for easier download: Introductory Material [also available in Chinese | French |Russian Spanish]; Country Narratives: A-CD-IJ-MN-ST-Z/Special CasesRelevant International Conventions and Closing Material. To view the PDF file, you will need to download, at no cost, the Adobe Acrobat Reader.

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Public Schedule for June 27, 2011

Public Schedule

Washington, DC
June 27, 2011


9:15 a.m.  Secretary Clinton meets with the Assistant Secretaries, at the Department of State.

10:25 a.m.  Secretary Clinton delivers remarks at an event co-hosted by the Department of State and Gays and Lesbians in Foreign Affairs Agencies (GLIFAA) in celebration of LGBT Pride Month, in the Dean Acheson Auditorium at the Department of State.
Watch live on www.state.gov

2:00 p.m.  Secretary Clinton releases the 2011 Trafficking in Persons Report, in the Benjamin Franklin Room at the Department of State.

Watch live on www.state.gov

5:00 p.m.  Secretary Clinton hosts a reception in honor of departing Under Secretary McHale, at the Department of State.

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These are among Mme. Secretary’s events for  the upcoming week.   For the third time we will see her release a Trafficking in Persons report.  On a happier note, we will also see her celebrating Pride Month with members of GLIFAA and other State Department employees.  Once again, she will be boarding her Big Blue Bird for a trip abroad, and,  as always, we wish her Godspeed.

Secretary Clinton to Deliver Remarks at Event Celebrating LGBT Pride Month on June 27

Office of the Spokesperson

Washington, DC
June 23, 2011

Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton will deliver remarks on “The Human Rights of LGBT People and U.S. Foreign Policy” at an event co-hosted by the State Department and Gays and Lesbians in Foreign Affairs Agencies (GLIFAA), on Monday, June 27 at approximately 10:25 a.m., in the Dean Acheson Auditorium at the Department of State.

The event will be streamed live on www.state.gov.
Preceding the Secretary’s remarks, Under Secretary Maria Otero will lead a panel discussion with senior U.S. Government Officials at 9:30 a.m. The discussion topics will include the status of LGBT people around the world and how the U.S. Government can promote the protection of their human rights.
The event is part of a series of LGBT Pride Month celebrations at the U.S. Department of State.GLIFAA, officially recognized by the U.S. State Department, represents lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) personnel and their families in the U.S. Department of State, U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID), Foreign Commercial Service, Foreign Agricultural Service, and other foreign affairs agencies and offices in the U.S. Government. Founded in 1992 by fewer than a dozen employees who faced official harassment simply because of their sexual orientation, GLIFAA continues to seek equality and fairness for LGBT employees and their families. For more information, please visit http://www.glifaa.org/ or follow @GLIFAA on Twitter.

Secretary Clinton to Release the 2011 Trafficking in Persons Report on June 27

Washington, DC

June 24, 2011

Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton will release the 2011 Trafficking in Persons Report on Monday, June 27, at approximately 2 p.m. in the Benjamin Franklin Room at the Department of State. In addition to remarks by Secretary Clinton, Under Secretary for Democracy and Global Affairs Maria Otero and Ambassador-at-Large to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons Luis CdeBaca will deliver remarks.

Secretary Clinton to Travel to Budapest and Vilnius 

Press Statement

Victoria Nuland
Department Spokesperson, Office of the Spokesperson
Washington, DC
June 24, 2011

Secretary of State Clinton will travel to Budapest, Hungary, June 29, to participate in the dedication of the Lantos Institute. The establishment of the Lantos Institute has been supported by the Government of Hungary to promote Hungarian-born Congressman Tom Lantos’ long commitment to democratic principles and the protection of individual and human rights. Secretary Clinton will also meet with Prime Minister Orban, Foreign Minister Martonyi, and representatives of civil society while in Budapest.

Secretary Clinton will visit Vilnius, Lithuania, from June 30 to July 1, to participate in the Community of Democracies 6th Ministerial. The Ministerial will bring together senior government officials, parliamentarians, NGOs, women and youth leaders, and the private sector to advance the shared goals of strengthening civil society and supporting emerging democracies. During her visit, the Secretary will participate in the “Women Enhancing Democracy” gathering of world leaders, held under the auspices of the Community of Democracies’ working group on women’s empowerment. She will also host a session of the Strategic Dialogue with Civil Society focused on challenges to the freedoms of speech and association. While in Vilnius, the Secretary will hold bilateral meetings with President Grybauskaite, Prime Minister Kubilius, and other Lithuanian officials.

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The U.S. is ranked in this year’s report for the first time. That is very interesting given that for years we have been catching traffickers within our borders (those windowless white vans – I am always suspicious) or in a case a few years back an arriving ship with Chinese laborers. There was a case on Long Island not long ago of two women being held in involuntary servitude that received a lot of publicity. Here is the fact sheet from the State Department accompanied by some photos from today of the person who heads up that department (for your viewing pleasure).

Trafficking in Persons: Ten Years of Partnering to Combat Modern Slavery

Bureau of Public Affairs
Fact Sheet
June 14, 2010

“The victims of modern slavery have many faces. They are men and women, adults and children.Yet, all are denied basic human dignity and freedom. … All too often suffering from horriblephysical and sexual abuse, it is hard for them to imagine that there might be a place of refuge.” — President Barack Obama

The 2010 Trafficking in Persons (TIP) Report, compiled by the U.S. Department of State, marks the 10th anniversary of progress and challenge in the fight against modern slavery. In 2000, the United States enacted the Trafficking Victims Protection Act (TVPA), and the United Nations adopted the Protocol to Prevent, Suppress, and Punish Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children – also known as the Palermo Protocol.

The Palermo Protocol

The Palermo Protocol focused the global community’s attention on the scourge of human trafficking and the need for nations to work together to combat it. For the first time, there was a global consensus that all acts of trafficking in persons should be criminalized, including trafficking for forced labor, slavery, and slavery-like practices. The Protocol held that governmental responses should incorporate the “3P” paradigm: Prevention, Criminal Prosecution and Victim Protection.

A Growing and Committed but Young Movement

Over 10 years, governments worldwide have made appreciable progress in understanding some basic realities about human trafficking:

  • People are in situations of modern slavery in most countries.
  • Trafficking is a fluid phenomenon responding to market demands, vulnerabilities in laws, weak penalties, and economic instability.
  • Trafficking can occur without movement across borders. But 10 years of focused effort to combat trafficking only represents the infancy of this modern movement. Many countries are still learning about human trafficking and the best responses to it. It is not enough to prosecute traffickers if governments do not provide assistance to the survivors and work to ensure that no one else is victimized. No country has yet attained a truly comprehensive response to this massive, ever increasing, ever changing crime.

The Victims

More people are trafficked for forced labor than for commercial sex. The crime is less about duping and kidnapping people than it is about coercion of people who entered a form of service voluntarily or migrated willingly. Men comprise a significant number of trafficking victims. Traffickers often use sexual violence as a weapon against women to keep them in compelled service, whether in a field, a factory, a brothel, a home, or a war zone.

Key Numbers from the 2010 TIP Report

  • 12.3 million adults and children in forced labor, bonded labor, and forced prostitution around the world; 56 percent of these victims are women and girls
  • $32 billion annual trade for the traffickers
  • 49,105 victims identified worldwide, a 59 percent increase over the last reporting year (2008)
  • Prevalence of trafficking victims in the world: 1.8 per 1,000 inhabitants (in Asia and the Pacific: 3 per 1,000)
  • 4,166 successful trafficking prosecutions in 2009, a 40 percent increase over 2008
  • Countries that have yet to convict a trafficker under laws in compliance with the Palermo Protocol: 62
  • Countries without laws, policies, or regulations to prevent victims’ deportation: 104
  • 23 countries received upgraded rankings in the 2010 TIP Report; 19 countries received downgraded rankings
  • Two countries, the United States and Kiribati, are ranked for the first time in the 2010 TIP Report

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These came in from news feeds:

June 14, 2010 12:55 PM No Comments

Hillary Adds U.S. to List of Slave Nations »

By Richard Sisk

Secretary of State Clinton included the U.S. for the first time on the State Department’s list of nations “trafficking in persons” for forced labor ranging from farm workers to pole dancers and prostitutes.

“There are Americans, unfortunately, who are held in slavery,” Clinton said in releasing the annual report on nations who promote or permit the international trade in human beings for profit.

The report said the main source countries for forced labor in the U.S. were Thailand, Mexico, the Philippines, Haiti and India.

Read more: http://www.nydailynews.com/blogs/dc/2010/06/hillary-adds-us-to-list-of-sla.html#ixzz0qr1apGar

Modern-Day Slavery on Washington’s Embassy Row?

In Washington Monday morning, Hillary Clinton unveiled the State Department’s tenth annual report on modern-day slavery, which evaluates the efforts of every nation to combat the crime. For the first time, State ranked the antislavery efforts of the United States alongside those of 174 other countries. The U.S. rated itself in full compliance with the Trafficking Victims Protection Act (TVPA). But the report appears to have ignored a new Congressional mandate to identify specific cases of countries whose diplomats allegedly harbored slaves within a few miles of Clinton’s remarks — even though the report indicates that such cases exist.

Read more: http://www.time.com/time/nation/article/0,8599,1996402,00.html?xid=rss-topstories#ixzz0qr28JGmX

Remarks on the Release of the 10th Annual Trafficking in Persons Report

Hillary Rodham Clinton
Secretary of State
Maria Otero
Under Secretary for Democracy and Global Affairs
Luis CdeBaca
Ambassador-at-Large, Office To Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons
Washington, DC
June 14, 2010

UNDER SECRETARY OTERO: Good morning. Wonderful to see all of you here. Welcome to the 10th annual release of Trafficking in Persons Report. I am Maria Otero. I’m the Under Secretary for Democracy and Global Affairs. And in this role, it’s my honor to oversee a wide array of multinational issues that are critical to U.S. foreign policy, including the issue of trafficking in persons.
In Global Affairs, the threat that unites many of the challenges that we face, from refugees to the environment to population, is that of human security. We uplift human security when we help refugees access food and clean water. We bolster human security when members of civil society seek freedom for speech or religious independence, and we elevate human security when we empower women to adapt for climate change. And yet this issue of human security is most at stake when presented with the horrific crime of complete depravation of liberty, freedom, and independence – the crime of human trafficking.
The announcement of the 2010 TIP Report is not only the result of many months of hard work, from offices – from our embassies and analysts and the Human Rights Trafficking Person – and the Human Trafficking Person, but also the community of NGOs – many of whom who are here – and activists who have dedicated their lives’ work to combat this terrible scourge. Today, we come together to recognize over one decade of work.
As many of you know, human trafficking is a byproduct of conflict. It is a threat to national security, public health, and democracy. And it’s our understanding, as the crime has evolved, we have developed mechanisms to combat trafficking in persons, both in terms of labor trafficking and sex trafficking. Today, we take a moment to celebrate the milestones that our collective work has produced and to recognize the heroes that will motivate us as we continue working forward.
The TIP report is a fair and transparent diagnosis of the impact of human trafficking, and it offers an assessment of how we can partner to end this human rights abuse, because human trafficking cuts across policies and sectors. We are challenged to gather our resources and increase our capacity to fight this crime together.
I’m also proud to say that under Secretary Clinton’s leadership, the issue of human trafficking is elevated as never before. Her belief that we must fight human trafficking with every tool has led us to where we are today and motivates us to improve what we are doing in the future. Secretary Clinton’s longstanding commitment to this issue has helped make human trafficking a priority under the Obama Administration. Everywhere that I travel, I carry the mandate to address this issue, to raise it with the leaders across the world. I also meet with the advocates, I meet with the victims when I’m on the ground, those who have the real understanding of the impact of the crime.
I am now pleased to introduce our top diplomat, my boss, our passionate leader, and a skilled policymaker. Without her, this issue would not be to where it has gotten here at the State Department. Ladies and gentlemen, Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton. (Applause.)
SECRETARY CLINTON: Thank you all. My goodness. This is, if not the largest, certainly one of the biggest crowds we’ve had here, which makes me very happy. Just don’t tell the fire marshals and – (laughter) – we will be okay for the rest of the morning.
I want to thank Under Secretary Maria Otero for her leadership on this and so many other pressing global challenges. I want to thank our own hero, Ambassador Lou Cdebaca, and all the men and women here at the State Department. (Applause.) They are working literally around the clock to shine the brightest of all spotlights on the scourge of modern slavery. Lou and his team work very closely with Melanne Verveer, our first ever ambassador-at-large for Global Women’s Issues. Because human trafficking not only exploits and victimizes women and girls; it also fuels the epidemic of gender-based violence around the world. So thank you, one and all.
I want to – in this crowd, I see a lot of familiar faces and I’m happy to say even more newer faces of people who are new to the struggle. But I want to single out one person because he’s a friend and a former colleague that is a champion of human rights and anti-trafficking efforts around the world, Congressman Jim McGovern, who is here with us today. (Applause.)
As you know, Congress has a key role to play in providing the mandates and consequences for these reports, and we deeply value their advice and counsel. But I know that in the Ben Franklin Room today are people who have advocated, organized, legislated, done everything you can to help end human trafficking and modern slavery in all of its forms. And I am honored to have worked by your side for many years.
Today we release the 10th annual Trafficking in Persons Report. I remember very well when we got the wheels in motion for this process because we wanted to document the persistent injustice of modern slavery. We wanted to tell the stories of men, women, boys, and girls held in forced labor or sexual servitude around the world. And for the first time ever, we are also reporting on the United States of America because we believe it is important to keep the spotlight on ourselves. (Applause.)
This report provides in-depth assessments and recommendations for 177 countries, some of whom are making great progress toward abolishing the illicit trade in human beings. Others are still doing too little to stem the tide. But behind these statistics on the pages are the struggles of real human beings, the tears of families who may never see their children again, the despair and indignity of those suffering under the worst forms of exploitation. And through this report we bear witness to their experience and commit ourselves to abolishing this horrible crime.
Human trafficking crosses cultures and continents. I’ve met survivors of trafficking and their families, along with brave men and women in both the public and the private sector who have stood up against this terrible crime. All of us have a responsibility to bring this practice to an end. Survivors must be supported and their families aided and comforted, but we cannot turn our responsibility for doing that over to nongovernmental organizations or the faith community. Traffickers must be brought to justice. And we can’t just blame international organized crime and rely on law enforcement to pursue them. It is everyone’s responsibility. Businesses that knowingly profit or exhibit reckless disregard about their supply chains, governments that turn a blind eye or do not devote serious resources to addressing the problem, all of us have to speak out and act forcefully.
Now, we talk often here in the State Department about shared responsibility. Indeed, it is a core principle of our foreign policy. So we have to ensure that our policies live up to our ideals. And that is why we have for the first time included the United States. As this report documents, cases of trafficking persons are found in our own communities. In some cases, foreign workers drawn by the hope of a better life in America are trapped by abusive employers. And there are Americans, unfortunately, who are held in sexual slavery. Some find themselves trapped through debt to work against their will in conditions of modern-day bondage. And this report sends a clear message to all of our countrymen and women: human trafficking is not someone else’s problem. Involuntary servitude is not something we can ignore or hope doesn’t exist in our own community.
I’m very proud of the bipartisan commitment and leadership that the United States has shown on this issue over many years. For the Obama Administration, combating this crime is a top priority. And the United States funds 140 anti-trafficking programs in nearly 70 countries, as well as supporting 38 domestic task forces that bring state and local authorities together with NGOs like many represented in this room.
It’s been 10 years since the United Nations Trafficking in Persons Protocol was negotiated and the U.S. Trafficking Victims Protection Act was enacted, and I was very proud to have worked on both of those in a prior life sometime back. (Laughter.) And under the paradigm of the three Ps – prevention, protection, and prosecution – and thanks in part to the facts and focus provided by this annual report, governments, law enforcement agencies, international organizations, and families are working more closely together than ever. Now we call for the fourth P – partnership. And that is making a real difference. More countries are updating their laws and expanding enforcement, more criminals are facing prosecution, and more survivors are being helped back into a life of freedom.
This report is a catalogue of tragedies that the world cannot continue to accept. But it is also a record that deserves praise and recognition because it exemplifies hope and action because hope without action cannot be our goal. We have to provide the hope that then leads to the action that changes the reality that we describe.
Now, this report is very thorough. It has very specific recommendations. Countries come to us and ask very forcefully not to be dropped in their category and we hear them out and we tell them. And we increasingly tried last year to do that earlier in the process –we’re going to do it even earlier this year – to tell them the kinds of things that we would look to that would demonstrate the commitment that we think would make a difference, to talk about best practices, to share stories. And some countries have listened and the results speak for themselves. Others have not.
Now this is a process that is fraught with all kinds of feelings and I recognize that, but the easiest way to get out of the tier three and get off the watch list is to really act. And we had some real friends, friends – countries that are friends on so many important issues, and they were very upset when we told them that they were not going to progress and, in fact, were in danger of regressing. And then they said, “Well, what can we do?” And we said, “Well, we’ve pointed this out, we point it out again, and we will stand ready to help you.” And I hope all of you will because our goal should not be to point fingers. Our goal should be extending a hand to help people improve and make a difference in how they address this problem.
Now today, we’re honoring a number of heroes in the fight against trafficking. These are people who hail from all over the world. You’ll meet them in a moment. They have met a common challenge with uncommon heroism. You’ll meet a French Dominican friar who started working with the rural poor in northern Brazil and ended up leading a national campaign against slave labor; a woman from Burundi, one of the first to serve as an army officer in her native country, who searches the streets for enslaved children and recently broke up a major human trafficking ring. And thanks in part to her efforts, the Burundian Government made clear progress in combating trafficking over the past year, particularly with regard to identifying victims, investigating potential offenses, and raising public awarenesses.
There are other success stories that can serve as models going forward. Argentina achieved its first conviction under a 2008 anti-trafficking law. Egypt enacted the first-ever comprehensive anti-trafficking law and is starting a rehabilitation center at a major hospital. Police in Ghana partnered with Interpol to host regional training for law enforcement officials from across Africa. So today, we congratulate and thank those countries that have made progress in the last year. We reaffirm the commitment of the United States to do everything we can at home and around the world to end modern slavery and I hope this report galvanizes further action.
And now it’s my great personal pleasure to turn the podium over to Ambassador Cdebaca, who has been doing a superb job in coordinating these efforts, to introduce you to the heroes that we have gathered here today, to tell you a little more about their stories, and to use their example as a way to spur others to take such actions.
Ambassador. (Applause.)
AMBASSADOR CDEBACA: Well, first of all, happy anniversary. (Laughter.) Ten years. There are a lot of people in the room, and especially the Secretary, who over a decade ago were fighting something that people did not want to talk about and some seemed not to care about. Human trafficking, if people thought of it at all, was a little-understood crime that took place in the shadows, cast a darkness over our fundamental rights whether constitutional, international norms, or personal liberties. And so the White House and the Hill and the international community got involved and the Trafficking Victims Protection Act and the Palermo Protocol at the UN became not just our governing documents but our guiding principles, very simple principles: Trafficking should be prevented, survivors should be protected, and traffickers should be prosecuted.
Ten years ago, the law caught up with what so many people in this room knew – what you knew, what you cared about long before this was a hot issue. The injustice, though, was still as great. So we honor your leadership from within government and civil society. On shoestring budgets and with incomparable resolve, you had the courage to identify weaknesses and victims, to build shelters and best practices, and to trust and support survivors. We hope to use the same courage, the same strength, and the same tenacity as we celebrate 10 years of progress, but also 10 years of learning.
Indeed, in our first Trafficking in Persons Report, we cited the U.S. only as a destination or transit country, oblivious to the reality that we, too, are a source country for people held in servitude. We have all had successes and we have all made mistakes. And we will continue to make them as we reach toward solutions that the victims of this crime so desperately need. We have an involuntary servitude problem now just as we always have throughout history. But the American story is one of striving for perfection; the perfection we believe in and overcoming the great challenges that stand in our way. In our striving to become a more perfect union, we will not shrink away from the promise; the promise of freedom that Abraham Lincoln made almost 150 years ago.
So let our next anniversary be a celebration of the bold steps that we took to fight modern slavery, dedicating the resources that it takes to address this problem and risking, frankly, failure as we struggle for innovation, as we struggle for new ways in service of more meaningful successes. If we move boldly, innovatively, and humbly forward, we will prevail. But to do that, we need heroes, people who persevere no matter how desperate the fight against modern slavery can get.
Each year, the Department of State honors individuals around the world who devoted their lives to the fight against human trafficking: NGO workers, law makers, police officers, concerned citizens, all who are committed to ending modern slavery. We recognize them for their tireless efforts, despite resistance, opposition, and threats to their lives as they protect victims, punish offenders, and raise awareness of the ongoing criminal practices in their countries. We are joined by seven of our nine heroes this year – two of them, from Mongolia and India, who are unable to be here today.
I would ask the heroes, as I call their name, to please join Under Secretary Otero and Secretary Clinton on the far end of the podium: Brother Xavier Plassat, in recognition – (applause) – in recognition of his courageous leadership in denouncing cases of slave labor in Brazil, his dedication to rehabilitating victims of forced labor, and his intrepid advocacy for enforcement of laws; Christine Sabiyumva – (applause) – in recognition of her resolute commitment to reducing human trafficking in Burundi through investigations and public awareness campaigns; Iren Adamne Dunai, (applause) in recognition of her tireless efforts within the Government of Hungary to expand and improve victim services; Linda al-Kalash – (applause) – in recognition of her pursuit of groundbreaking legal action against those who would enslave and abuse domestic workers in Jordan; Aminetou Mint Moctar – (applause) – for her stand against domestic servitude and other forms of trafficking in Mauritania; Natalia Abdullayeva – (applause) – for forging unprecedented partnerships in Uzbekistan between the private sector and the government; and finally, Laura Germino – (applause) – and we’ll hear a little bit more about Laura in a second.
Laura, if you could join me here at the podium.
Laura is going to give a few remarks on behalf of the heroes today, but in the introduction of Laura, we talk about a multi-sectoral approach, tapping NGOs, law enforcement, labor inspectors and the survivors, themselves. And the pioneer of that approach here in the United States is Laura Germino. In the early 1990s, Laura began to not just give a voice to escaped slaves, but traveled to Washington on her own dime to hold the federal government accountable to – investigate and prosecute these cases. And when I say federal government, I mean me – (laughter) – and I think Leon Rodriguez, who is here with his children today. (Applause.)
That was the first of many. There have been many cases exposing servitude for both sex and labor in Florida. And the Coalition of the Immokalee Workers and Laura Germino have always been there. They’ve been important partners and, more importantly, an independent and pressing voice as they uncover slavery rings, tap the power of the workers, and hold companies and governments accountable.
Laura, the podium is yours. (Applause.)
MS. GERMINO: Ambassador Cdebaca is too kind. Madam Secretary, I thank you. I thank you on behalf of myself, on behalf of my colleagues at the Coalition of the Immokalee Workers, above all, on behalf of the TIP heroes here today for your always – ever since the day you took office, your resolute and genuine stance on fighting this issue, this horrible human rights abuse in our country and all around the world. (Applause.) We thank Secretary Clinton for this tremendously humbling honor. And while this is a much appreciated recognition of our work, it is also an awesome responsibility with which you are entrusting us all today by calling us heroes. And I want to assure you that we understand that. Freedom is a fundamental human right, maybe the fundamental human right. And we will all continue to work, from Brazil to Burundi, Hungary to Jordan, Mauritania to Uzbekistan, and yes, here in the United States – it does happen here in the United States – until we can reach a day without modern slavery.
I and my colleagues at the CIW also want to take this moment to salute the overseas TIP heroes for your unflagging courage and grace and progress made under extremely difficult and dangerous circumstances in which you work overseas. You have our deepest respect. I want to share with you all very briefly some of our experience in fighting forced field labor in the U.S., because it’s a hopeful message.
Twenty years ago – we’re turning the clock back – there was no State Department TIP Report. There was no Justice Department Anti-Trafficking Unit. There was no Trafficking Victims Protection Act, no freedom network of NGOs. Farm workers like Julia Gabriel and thousands of others had not yet escaped to freedom. Farm bosses like Ron Evans or Sebastian Gomez and a dozen others had not been brought to justice. There was no admission yet by this great nation that the unbroken threat of slavery that has so tragically woven through our history, taking on different patterns, but always weaving the horrendous depravation of liberty – that it was a constant.
But here’s the good part: There was nowhere to go but up. (Laughter.) What we found is the mills of justice grind slowly, but they grind exceedingly fine. I have to say at times those mills ground really slowly. (Laughter.) But change can and does come. Twenty years later, we see those changes, and you don’t have to take my word for it. You can ask Ambassador Cdebaca.
Fifteen years ago, Ambassador Cdebaca was a young prosecute – younger prosecutor – (laughter) – sitting in our office in Immokalee with me and my husband and colleague, Greg Asbed, who should be up here with me today, puzzling about how to bring a violent, armed boss who was holding more than 400 farm workers, to justice. Our work together on that case eventually put that employer, Miguel Flores, behind bars for 15 years hard time. And as Ambassador Cdebaca was saying – (applause) – that prosecution helped lay the groundwork for the TVPA, amongst others.
So when we struggle with our frustration at the pace of change, we remember those days and realize how far things have come in such a short time. Today, we have a renewed hope for change thanks to the growing number of transnational global corporations that have adopted new purchasing policies, thanks to the Campaign for Fair Food that includes zero-tolerance – enforceable zero-tolerance policies for slavery in their supply chain.
How does that happen? It takes a village to raise a child; it takes a whole community to fight slavery. Together, we want you to know that with colleagues of mine like Lucas Benitez, Romeo Ramirez, Julia Perkins, organizations like Student/Farmworker Alliance, Interfaith Action, prosecutors like Susan French, agents like Mike Barone and Charlie Frost, all our overseas colleagues fighting in this same fight, we will continue – we commit ourselves, our continued efforts to our collective fight to wipe slavery off the face of this earth. We are fighting for tier zero.
MS. GERMINO: Thank you. (Applause.)
UNDER SECRETARY OTERO: Thank you, Laura Germino, for inspiring words, for wonderful vision, and for a great statement on behalf of all of the heroes, all the trafficking in persons heroes here today.
I want to thank all the heroes myself for their work and for their inspiration to us. I also want to thank all of you for coming here today on this annual occasion, for the work that you do, and for the importance of us being able to be here together and recognize the work that we are doing. Distribute the TIP Report to everybody you know, send it out, and make it circulate. It’s an important way to express why this issue is one that should be on the top of everyone’s agenda.
I want to also encourage you, as we complete the event here this morning, to join us on a tour, which is in the front of the State Department, of the Coalition of Immokalee Workers, the Modern Slavery Museum, which is there for everyone to be able to visit. And I hope that you will be able to join us. Thank you so much. (Applause.)

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